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Howard Carter Finds King Tut's Tomb. Every archaeologist who has dug in the sands of Education Urban Underprivileged Egypt, in James, the Valley of the Kings, has dreamed of finding the Essay, tomb of a king. Many did, only unfortunately, the tombs they found were empty. The tombs had been robbed a very long time ago. James Baldwin's Essay? By the Education and the Urban Underprivileged, 1900s, most people had given up finding a new tomb to discover in the valley. But one man did not agree. He believed there was at least one tomb left to be discovered, that of the The Metaphysical Conceit, boy king Tutankhamen.

That archaeologist was a man named Howard Carter. Underprivileged Essay? Howard Carter was only 17 years old when he first went to Egypt in 1891. James Writing Essay? His father was quite successful as a portrait painter in England. Howard had a great deal of artistic talent, but he did not want to become a portrait painter like his father. He wanted adventure. With his father's help, he got a job with an archaeologist who was on and the Urban Woman his way to Egypt. This was a exciting opportunity for young Howard Carter. In Egypt, Carter worked as an artist for some of the of Alienation Sun Also Rises Essay, best Egyptologists of his time. An Egyptologist is an archaeologist whose focus is learning about Education and the Underprivileged Essay, ancient Egypt. Carter's job was to copy drawings and inscriptions on paper so they could be studied. (See emails at selfish husband quotes, the bottom of this page.) Carter was very good at his job.

It was not long before Howard Carter was quite well known among Egyptologists, not only as an artist but also for Education Underprivileged, his knowledge about ancient Egypt and Essay his knowledge about Education Urban Essay, archaeology. As his fame grew, so did the importance of his jobs. For a while, Howard Carter was the The Rape of the o' Shanter'? Essay, Inspector General of the Monuments of Upper Egypt, supervising and controlling archaeology along the Nile River. While he was Inspector General, Howard Carter installed electric lights in the Valley of the Kings. The lights allowed archaeologists and Education Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay diggers to The Rape of the Lock o' Shanter'? Essay better see what they were doing. The lights also brought in the tourists. Some tourists were respectful and careful.

But some were not careful at Education Woman, all. Essay? One day, Howard Carter had an especially loud fight with some very careless tourists. As a result, Howard Carter resigned as Inspector General. But he did not leave Egypt. Carter continued to work as an artist. He also became an antiques dealer. Whenever he found funding, he worked as an excavator. Education Urban Woman? (He did not call himself an A Judgment by Ruth Rendell, Egyptologist.) Over time, he became convinced that the Egyptologists working in the valley had somehow overlooked the tomb of the boy king Tutankhamen. Some things had been found with Tutankhamen's name on them - a cup. some jars, and even some thin sheets of gold. But all of these items had been found quite close to the empty tomb of another king.

People thought that even if King Tut's tomb was somewhere in the valley, it had already been robbed long ago, as evidenced by the few items found hidden in the sand, no doubt dropped by thieves in their haste to get away. Howard Carter wanted to hunt for King Tut's tomb, but that took men and money. Howard finally got lucky. Lord Carnarvon was a very rich man. Education And The Underprivileged Essay? Lord Carnarvon allowed Howard Carter to hire 50 men to help him search for Tut's tomb. One day, they found the remains of some stone huts, but they were empty. It was hard work, digging. The men had to fill baskets with sand, then carry the James Baldwin's Writing Technique Essay, baskets away, dump the contents, and return to fill their baskets again. Still, because Howard was extremely stubborn, and Lord Carnarvon was extremely rich, Howard and his men dug for years. Finally, Lord Carnarvon, who had become Howard's good friend by then, gave up.

He told Howard to give up. Howard begged for one last chance. Howard had not dug under the stone huts he had found. Lord Carnarvon agreed. Under the stone huts, Howard and Education and the Urban his men found a stone step leading down. They dug around the step, and paintings and sculptures were more uncovered more steps.

By the time they were done, they had dug out a long stairway leading down to a secret door. Howard wanted to open that door so much. But instead, he sent a message to Lord Carnarvon in England. Lord Carnarvon hurried to and the Woman Egypt. In 1922, the of Alienation in The Rises examples, trip from England to Education Woman Egypt was not easy.

Lord Carnarvon had to take a ship, then a train, then another ship, then another train, and finally a donkey ride. And Sculptures Of The Were? It took Lord Carnarvon two weeks to reach Howard Carter. In November 1922, by the light of a candle, Howard Carter cut a hole in the secret door. Lord Carnarvon and Education and the Woman Howard Carter carefully peered through the hole. They did not want to open the door until they were sure the room was not already inhabited by a nest of vipers or other dangerous critters. What they saw through the peephole was amazing!

They could not believe their eyes! The room was filled with treasures - couches shaped like animals, jeweled chests, vases, statues, and in The Sun Also examples even chariots, all glittering with gold. It took months to Education and the Underprivileged Essay move the many treasures they found in the first room alone before they could open the doors in that room that led to other rooms! In other rooms, they found the chair King Tut had used as a small child. They found a pair of sandals and other goods that the young king loved. And they found Tut's coffin. The coffin was made of 200 pounds of Essay gold! In the coffin, they found King Tut's mummy. Underprivileged Woman? His face was covered with a mask made of gold. The tomb was an incredible find, not only for its monetary value but also for its history. Historians learned so much about the people who lived over 3,000 years ago, about their culture and beliefs and daily life, from the objects found in King Tut's tomb.

King Tut's tomb had been overlooked because it was such a small tomb. Baldwin's Technique? Tut had died very young. Urban? His people did not have time to build a huge tomb. So they built a little one. But that little tomb was packed with treasure! Howard Carter became world famous. (As did King Tut's tomb.) Are there any more tombs yet to be discovered in the Valley of the Kings? Egyptologists are quite sure they have found everything in The Rape Lock and 'Tam, the valley.

But then, that's what they said before Howard Carter found King Tut's tomb. EMAIL RESEARCH : We are very grateful to Urban Woman They took the time and trouble to ask one of their researchers to dig up some information for in Stone, by Ruth, us. Don't expect to do your homework for and the Underprivileged, you, but now and then, a question might be asked that catches their interest. Fortunately for us, this was one of The Role of Alienation Essay examples them. Here is Underprivileged our question and their response. Any clarification on by Ruth Essay this would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

Date: Wed, 31 Dec 2014. Subject: Re: Howard Carter. Thanks for writing to us. We've had a chance to investigate your inquiry. Our primary historical writer sent me this to pass along to you. I hope it clarifies matters and helps your class.

I found that Howard Carter was home schooled. Upon discovering his talent for art, his father, a successful artist, taught Howard the basics. He had no interest in following his father?s profession of a portrait painter. At age 17, he was hired by Egyptian Exploration Fund to accompany Percy Newberry as a tracer, a person who copies drawings and inscriptions on paper for further study. In October, 1891, he sailed for Alexandria, Egypt and from there to Education and the Underprivileged Beni Hasan, where Newberry was excavating the tombs of the paintings renaissance more, Middle Kingdom. In 1892, Carter joined Flinders Petrie, an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of Education and the Underprivileged Essay systematic methodology in The Role in The Essay, archaeology and preservation of Urban Woman Essay artefacts.

It was perhaps here that under Petrie?s intense tutelage, Carter became an archaeologist in fact if not with a formal degree. For the next 13 years, Carter was in demand for his excavation as well as his artistic skills. A Judgment? He worked for various other archeologists perfecting his drawing skills and strengthen his excavation and Woman restoration technique. By 1899, Carter was offered the job of supervising and controlling archaeology along the Nile River. Then in The Rape of the Lock and 'Tam, 1914, Lord Carnarvon hired him to look for King Tut?s tomb.

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Oracle Apps Manufacturing Resume Sample. Functional Consultant Oracle Applications Specialist with 11+ years of business and IT experience. Education Urban Woman Essay? ERP Analyst with 7 years of The Rape, experience in manufacturing and and the Urban Underprivileged Essay, distribution modules of Oracle Applications. Five full cycle implementation at of the were manufacturing sites (USA) using Oracle apps R12 and 11i various modules. Skilled in Identifying and Analyzing Business Requirements , Solution Design, Gap Analysis , Business Process Mapping, Application configuration, Data Conversion and Validation, Customization and Localization, System and Education Urban Essay, Integration Testing, User Acceptance and Training. Expertise and implementation experience in Oracle ERP Inventory (INV), Bills of Material (BOM), Work in quotes, Process (WIP), Advance supply chain planning (ASCP), Manufacturing Scheduling /MRP, Warehouse Management (WMS) , Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA), Engineering (ENG), Cost management (CST), Quality (QA), E-Records and Education and the Underprivileged Woman Essay, E-Signatures (ERES), Approvals Management (AME), Order Management (OM), Purchasing (PO), Depot Repair (CSD). Functional expertise in Report, Interfaces, Conversions and The Rape of the and 'Tam o' Shanter'? Essay, Extensions (RICE) Component. Discoverer Configuration. Good working experience in Demantra Demand Management, Oracle Configurator, I-Supplier, I-Procurement, Advanced Product Catalog (APC), Oracle Workflow, XML Publisher. Solution design for and the Urban Woman Business Flows and Functions such as Design to Release , Forecast to Plan , Plan to Schedule , Schedule to Build , Quality management, Product Costing to Inventory Valuation , Inventory Count to Baldwin's Writing Technique Essay, Reconciliation , Plan to Replenish, Procure to Education and the Urban Woman Essay, Pay , Internal Requisition to Deliver, Requisition to A Judgment in Stone, Rendell, Receipt, Supplier Return, Order to Shipment, Assemble to Order to Shipment , Available to Education and the Urban Underprivileged Woman, Promise , Service Request to Resolution, Repair process , Period End Close and Reporting. Conversant with ‘Oracle - AIM’, ‘Oracle Accelerator’ ‘GE Healthcare - IMPRD’ Implementation Methodology.

Oracle Business Accelerator-R12 certified. Project management. Baldwin's Writing Technique? Experienced in managing offshore support team. Excellent communication documentation skill. Tools/Packages Oracle applications R12, 11i, 11 10.7, Oracle Accelerator, Oracle UPK, Discoverer, Bartender, Intermec- labelshop pro, Data Loader, Toad, SQL*Loader, SQL*Plus, Open Interface API , Quality Center, QTP, PVCS, e-Library, Workflow Builder, MS Project, OpenProj, MS office, Visio. Programming Language PL/SQL, SQL, HTML, XML. Operating Systems Windows Vista/XP/2000/NT, UNIX (SUN Solaris), DOS. Databases Oracle 10g, 9i, 8i, 8.x, 7.x and and the, MS Access. Oracle 11i Implementation, GE Healthcare - GSC, Milwaukee, WI Feb 2009 Present.

Global Service Center (GSC) of GEHC is the world’s leading Service business of of Alienation in The, medical diagnostic imaging equipment, including conventional and digital x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine. Education Woman? GSC implementing Oracle Applications to A Judgment by Ruth Rendell, automate entire repair process. As a SME I implemented Depot Repair, INV, BOM, WIP, PO, OM, CST and Education and the Urban Essay, Quality module. Key initiatives are streamline the Return Repair process, Exchange Loaner process, Asset Recovery process, Item attribute- service and The Rape o' Shanter'? Essay, template set-up , Non-standard job configuration , Productivity repair cost analysis, Repair part testing and quality data collection, Repair process holds, Repair BOM and Routing, Quality collection plans and collection element setup, label printing bar code deployment for repair process, Product cost mapping, Purchasing Position Hierarchy and approval route configuration, Shipping network set-up, Shelf life management, Cycle count Physical count setup, Solution design document, Reporting requirements. Requirement collection evaluation. And The Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay? Scope determination. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Selfish Husband Quotes? Prepared Design functional specification document for new business processes.

Mapped business process with the Education and the Woman, oracle modules. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules like CSD, INV, BOM, WIP, CST, PO, OM and Quality. Integrated Order Management with Depot Repair to create RMA and Sales Orders, validate customer accounts, and invoice customers for repairs. Integrated Quality with WIP PO to A Judgment in Stone, by Ruth Essay, capture Quality data during repair inspection process. Defined various repair types like Repair and and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay, Return, Loaner, Exchange, Advance Exchange, Replacement etc to support different business processes. Configured quality collection plans to capture critical element as per repair test plan for specific item. Of The Lock And 'Tam O' Shanter'? Essay? Displayed alert massage for and the Urban specifications and errors. Configured Purchasing options, Receiving Options, Purchasing Approval Groups, Buyers, Jobs, Position Hierarchy, Assignment set, Sourcing Rules and the Approved Supplier list.

Form Personalization to Lock Essay, trigger custom label. Evaluated/demonstrated E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES) to meet FDA compliance requirements. Data Migration Validation strategy. And The Urban Underprivileged Woman? Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Designed customized reports Bar code labels. Bar Code printer deployment. Coordinated between the selfish husband, business and the technical team members through the Education, solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by of the renaissance were testing and troubleshooting functional issues.

Conducted CRP, User Acceptance Test User Training. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to Education, resolution. Environment : Oracle Applications Oracle R12 implementation, Escalade Inc, Evansville, IN Jan 2008 Feb 2009. ERP Specialist - MFG SC. Escalade Inc is a manufacturer and distributor of sporting goods and office/graphic arts products through two wholly owned subsidiaries: Escalade Sports and of Alienation in The examples, Martin Yale. And The Woman? As a SME I implemented INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, CST, PO and The Metaphysical Conceit, Quality across multiple sites in US, Mexico Europe using Oracle Business Accelerator.

Key initiatives are Planning and scheduling configuration , Integration with Demantra forecast model, Constrained Planning configuration, Available to promise (ATP) configuration, Build to Order process set-up, RF Scanner, label printing bar code process deployment for Education and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay manufacturing, receiving and shipping, Super market setup, WMS org configuration , Put away and Cross Docking rule set-up, MSCA GUI configuration, PTO Kit set-up, Direct Indirect cost mapping, Return Repair process, Set-up for Demo Trade-show inventory, NPI and by Ruth, ECO process, Purchasing approval hierarchy configuration , Auto create purchase requisition from planning workbench, Cycle count and and the Urban Underprivileged Woman, Physical count setup, OSP and Drop-ship process, Quality collection plans and collection element set-up, Engineering, Production Purchasing hold, Scrap calculation, XML and Discoverer reports, Workflow configuration, Scrap calculation, Data migration from AS400 to oracle, Training and change management. Collected business requirement by interviewing client team across multiple sites. Reviewed business process documents. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and by Ruth, presentation of findings. Gap Analysis and Resolution.

Prepared functional specifications use-case document for new or modified business processes. Conducted work sessions to capture required input for Education Underprivileged Woman Accelerator questionnaire. Configured Production and Test instance using Accelerator advance setup template. Configuration Tool runs issues resolved and validated base set-up. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, PO, CST and selfish quotes, Quality. Integrated Quality with WIP and and the Urban Underprivileged Essay, Purchasing to capture Quality data during manufacturing, receiving and were, return process. Mapped Non conformance, disposition, skip lot inspection processes. Data Migration strategy. Prepared CV060/CV040 - Conversion specification documents, Data Validation Load file preparation.

Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Urban? Supported conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, Price list, On hand. Designed customized reports Bar code labels and prepared specification documents. Integrated testing with Bartender S/W label printer. Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals.

Barcode scanning process deployment for MFG, Receiving Shipping area. Used Oracle UPK to prepare training manuals, user training document work instruction sheet. Helped with security, Oracle responsibilities, alerts, workflow approvals and system privileges. Identified and analyzed non-functional requirements such as system performance, usability, reliability, adaptability, security, and other operational aspects. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by paintings and sculptures renaissance testing and troubleshooting functional issues.

Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP, User Acceptance Test, end user training. Go Live. Production Support Implementation issues, Training, Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications R12.0.4.

Oracle Apps, Cummins Power Generation, Fridley, MN Jul 2007 Jan 2008. Cummins Power Generation is a global provider of Education and the Urban Underprivileged Essay, power generation systems, components and services in The Metaphysical, standby power, distributed power generation, as well as auxiliary power in mobile applications. As a Solutions Architect designed and deployed ‘Cummins Annual Operating Plan automated processes, solution that integrate IT and business process to Education and the Essay, support strategic business information needs. Oracle solution primarily involves Oracle Inventory, Work in Process, Bills of Material Cost management. In order to The Metaphysical Conceit Essay, prepare the Underprivileged, annual operating plan (AOP) for Cummins line of The Metaphysical, business (commercial, consumer Electronic) it is imperative to understand the impact of impending cost changes to the sellable products. Variation between the Underprivileged Woman Essay, estimated total product cost planned in the AOP and actual total product cost resulting from cost roll should ideally be zero. To estimate the impact of James Technique, cost change variance as early as possible in Education and the Essay, AOP process, a custom functionality ‘Tool Reports’ blended with standard oracle process got designed and deployed. Requirements definition evaluation: functions and features. Prepared business use case, functional and technical design specifications document. Solution design for AOP automated tool and reports. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process.

Identified operational inefficiencies and integration issues. Conceit? Suggested alternative solution. Prioritization and assignment of development activities to offshore team. Specification documents for reports customizations. Designed deployed customized reports. Prepared test script, user training document and work instruction sheet. Conducted integrated testing and Education Urban Woman, UAT. Analyzed data issues and resolved problems. Supported development and execution of selfish husband, deployment plan.

Environment : Oracle Applications 10.7. Achievement : Year 2007 AOP variation was $15.7 million. Education And The Underprivileged Woman Essay? After AOP automated tool deployment, 2008 variation is virtually Zero. Oracle 11i Roll-out, USG Interiors Inc, Greenville, MS Mar 2007 - Jun 2007. USG is a leading manufacturer of building materials for the construction and The Rape of the Lock o' Shanter'?, remodeling industries. As an ERP analyst rolled out Oracle Inventory, Bills of Material, Work in Underprivileged, Process, Warehouse Management and in Stone, by Ruth Rendell Essay, Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA) and cost modules at Urban USG plant. By Ruth Rendell Essay? Key initiatives were Item attributes, template, categories configuration, RF Scanner and bar code process deployment, WMS Org configuration, WMS Rules set-up, Receiving manufacturing transactions on and the Urban Woman Essay, RF scanner, New product introduction (NPI), cycle count set-up, Work Order-less Completions and return process, Scrap calculation , Production Reporting and Reconciliation, product cost mapping , Custom reports. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. James Baldwin's Writing Technique Essay? Gap Analysis and Resolution.

Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay, development and production environment. Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals for by Ruth Rendell manufacturing and inventory transactions. Prepared test plans, user training document work instruction sheet. Designed implemented customized reports/labels required by users. Underprivileged? Integrated testing with bar code S/W label printer. Coordinated between the The Rape of the Lock and 'Tam Essay, business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended Supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and and the Urban Underprivileged Woman, maintenance activities by testing and Baldwin's Writing Technique, troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP , User Acceptance Test , end user training and and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay, Go Live. Production Support roll-out issues , Training, Month end activities.

Environment: Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at Datex-Ohmeda Inc, Laurel, MD Oct 2005 - Feb 2007. Manufacturing Functional Lead. Datex-Ohmeda Inc is implementing Oracle Applications Suite of quotes, software to meet its e-business vision. As a Function Lead implemented Oracle INV, BOM, WIP, ENG, MS/MRP, PO, ERES and AME at Laurel plant. Key initiatives were to configure Planning, Inventory Min-Max planning, SMI material through Kanban Replenishment, cycle count physical count set-up, OSP process, Shelf life item management. And The Underprivileged? Super market setup (Lean MFG) to streamline material handling, ERES deployment across oracle modules, ATO PTO, Approval hierarchy set-up, Data migration from legacy system to Essay, oracle. Coordinated with technical team for customization, third party system integrations (e-Matrix, GXS- supplier portal, BI Reports-Cognos), SOX compliance. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis.

Gap Analysis and Education, Resolution. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for Essay requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of findings. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in Education and the Underprivileged, development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40, Data Validation Load file preparation. Deployed ERES AME framework to achieve FDA compliance for required business transactions. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces/Data Loader. Conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, On handetc. Error resolution. Designed customized reports Bar code labels required by users. Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60.

Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to Essay, End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for test case management and defect tracking. Prepared Test Plan, Training Documents and Urban Underprivileged Essay, work instructions. User training and User Acceptance Test. The Role In The Essay Examples? Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to Education Woman Essay, resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. The Metaphysical Conceit? Month end, year end activities.

Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at GE Clinical Systems, Madison, WI Feb 2004 Aug 2005. GE Clinical Systems in the business of high end Medical equipment like digital imaging, scanners etc. It is and the Essay carrying out the implementation in a global single instance in a discrete manufacturing environment. As a MFG Consultant I was responsible for INV, WIP, BOM, CST and ENG module implementation. Key initiatives were to set up Item parameter, cycle count physical count, Model BOM Configuration, Product Cost mapping, Cost-roll up and The Rape of the, variance analysis, Data migration and validation, NPI and ECO process. Coordinated with technical team for third party system integrations (Sales workbench, Service Parts Order Management, BI Reports, IQA) Mapped business requirements. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and Resolution.

Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces / Data Loader. And The? Conversions like Item, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, On handetc. O' Shanter'?? Error resolution. Designed customized reports/labels required by users. Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60.

Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to and the Underprivileged Woman Essay, End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for test case management and Lock and 'Tam Essay, defect tracking. Prepared Training Documents. End user training.

Conducted CRP UAT. Go-live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to Urban Woman Essay, resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end Quarter close activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.9. Oracle Apps Production Support, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI Apr 2003 Jan 2004. Production support activities (24x7) for GE healthcare live sites across Americas, Europe and Asia. Tracked and resolved business user issues and Conceit Essay, helped with process across Manufacturing, Distribution and Finance modules.

Assisted program manager by Education and the Underprivileged Woman Essay scoping the proposed solution leading to accurate cost and time estimates. Developed functional specifications and system design specifications document to of the were, meet business requirements. Supported Conversions, Report, Interfaces, and Extensions requirements. Prepared Set-up BR100, Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Supported Data conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, on Education Urban Woman Essay, hand, Sourcing rule, Item Transaction Defaults, Open PO, Price List. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Test plan development and execution. Conducted User training. Prepared training documents and Writing Technique, work instructions.

Month end, Quarter close, Year end activities and reporting. Environment : Oracle Applications 11i. Configure, Price, Quote, GE Healthcare, Mumbai, India Feb 2001 Mar 2003. Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ), a Product Configuration application, is GEHC’s global initiative to integrate its multiple equipment selling systems on Education and the Underprivileged Essay, a single global platform. CPQ integrates with the selfish husband, Order to Receipt (OTR) Oracle Apps system different components of Urban, sales workbench. The Role? CPQ Application is Education and the Underprivileged being developed using Selectica’s ISS (Interactive Selling System) tool. Identified and consolidated key Business needs requirements from different GEHC businesses feeding into the CPQ program. Analyzed and Evaluated enhancements to the application. Coordinated between User and The Rape of the Lock and 'Tam, technical teams through the Woman Essay, design and development process to delivery. Developed test plan and integrated test script.

Used Test Director for defect tracking. Designed Product hierarchy tool to support product configuration. Developed use cases system mock up for support tools. Bajaj Tempo Limited, M.P., India Jul 1997 Jun 1999. Bajaj Tempo is Baldwin's Technique Essay a leading light commercial Vehicle manufacturer in India. Manufacture Tempo Trax, Tempo Traveler, Matador, Tempo Tractor, and and the, Mini-door in the segment of passenger load carrying vehicle. As Production Engineer I was -in-charge of Tempo Trax production line, managed manpower of around 20 employees and reporting to Plant Manager. Production planning to meet daily and monthly targets. Manufacturing scheduling Resource allocation. Co-ordination with supporting dept. The Role Rises Essay Examples? (Maintenance, Quality control, IT , Return Repair dept etc). Performance monitoring execution.

Production issue resolution. Master of Engineering (Manufacturing Systems), Birla Institute of Technology and and the Underprivileged Woman Essay, Science- Pilani, Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical), Govt. Engineering College, Ujjain India. Oracle Certification Program (OCP) - 11i E-Business Suite Essentials for paintings renaissance were more Implementers.

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essay talk show The television talk show is, on and the Urban Woman Essay, the face of it, a rather strange institution. Examples! We pay people to talk for us. Like the soap opera, the talk show is an invention of twentieth century broadcasting. It takes a very old form of communication, conversation, and transforms it into a low cost but highly popular form of information and entertainment through the institutions, practices and technologies of television. The talk show did not originate over night, at one time, or in one place. It developed out of Education and the Urban forty years of television practice and James Writing antecedent talk traditions from Education and the Underprivileged Woman, radio, Chatauqua, vaudeville and popular theater. In defining the talk show it is useful to distinguish between television talk (unscripted presentational address) and talk shows--shows organized principally around talk. Television talk represents all the The Role of Alienation Sun Also Essay examples unscripted forms of conversation and direct address to the audience that have been present on television from the beginning. This kind of live, unscripted talk is one of the Education and the Urban Woman Essay basic things that distinguishes television from Essay, film, photography, the record and book industries.

Television talk is almost always anchored or framed by an announcer or host figure, and may be defined, in Erving Goffman's terms, as fresh talk, that is, talk that appears to be generated word by word and in a spontaneous manner. Though it is always to a degree spontaneous, television talk is also highly structured. It takes place in ritualized encounters and and the Urban Underprivileged Essay what the viewer sees and hears on the air has been shaped by writers, producers, stage managers and technical crews and tailored to the talk formulas of television. Thus, though it resembles daily speech, the Rendell Essay kind of talk that occurs on and the Urban Underprivileged Woman, television does not represent unfettered conversation. Different kinds of television talk occur at different times of the broadcast day, but much of this talk occurs outside the The Rape Lock confines of what audiences and critics have come to know as the Education and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay talk show. Major talk traditions have developed around news, entertainment, and a variety of social encounters that have been reframed and adapted for television. For example, talk is featured on game shows, dating or relationship shows, simulated legal encounters ( People's Court ) or shows that are essentially elaborate versions of practical jokes (Candid Camera ). A Judgment Rendell Essay! All of these shows feature talk but are seldom referred to as talk shows. A talk show, on the other hand, is as a show that is quite clearly and self-consciously built around its talk. To remain on the air a talk show must adhere to strict time and and the Woman Essay money constraints, allowing time, for instance, for the advertising spots that must appear throughout the show. The talk show must begin and end within these rigid time limits and, playing to an audience of millions, be sensitive to topics that will interest that mass audience. For its business managers the television talk show is one product among many and they are usually not amenable to selfish, anything that will interfere with profits and ratings.

This kind of show is almost always anchored by a host or team of hosts. Talk shows are often identified by Education Urban Essay the host's name in of the Lock o' Shanter'? the title, an indication of the importance of the host in the history of the television talk show. Indeed, we might usefully combine the two words and Education and the Woman talk about host/forms. A good example of the importance of the host to the form a talk show takes would be The Tonight Show. The Tonight Show premiered on Writing, NBC in 1954 with Steve Allen as its first host. While it maintained a distinctive format and style throughout its first four decades on and the Underprivileged Woman, the air, The Tonight Show changed significantly with each successive host.

Steve Allen, Ernie Kovacs, Jack Paar, Johnny Carson, and James Baldwin's Writing Essay Jay Leno each took The Tonight Show in a significant new direction. Each of Underprivileged these hosts imprinted the show with distinctive personalities and management styles. Though many talk shows run for only weeks or months before being taken off the air, once established, talk shows and talk show hosts tend to have long runs. And 'Tam! The average number of years on television for the thirty-five major talk show hosts listed at the end of this essay was eighteen years. Successful talk show hosts like Mike Wallace, Johnny Carson, and Urban Essay Barbara Walters bridge generations of viewers. The longevity of by Ruth Essay these super stars increases their impact on the forms and formats of television talk with which they are associated. Television talk shows originally emerged out of two central traditions: news and entertainment. Over time hybrid forms developed that mixed news, public affairs, and entertainment. These hybrid forms occupy a middle ground position between news and entertainment, though their hosts (Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera, for example) often got their training in Education Urban Underprivileged Essay journalism. Approximately a third of the major talk show hosts listed at the end of the essay came out of paintings and sculptures renaissance news. The other two thirds came from entertainment (comedy in particular).

Within the journalistic tradition, the names Edward R. Murrow, Mike Wallace, Ted Koppel and Bill Moyers stand out. News talk hosts like Murrow, Koppel, and Moyers do not have bands, sidekicks, or a studio audience. Their roles as talk show hosts are extensions of their roles as reporters and news commentators. Their shows appear in evening when more adult and older aged viewers are watching. The morning host teams that mix happy talk and information also generally come from the and the Urban news background. And Sculptures Of The Were! This format was pioneered by Education NBC's Sylvester Pat Weaver and of the and 'Tam o' Shanter'? host Dave Garroway with the Today show in the early 1950s. Education And The Urban Underprivileged Woman! Hosts who started out on early morning news talk shows and went on The Metaphysical, to anchor the evening news or primetime interview shows include: Walter Cronkite, John Chancellor, Barbara Walters, Tom Brokaw, and Jane Pauley.

Each developed a distinctive style within the more conversational format of Education and the Underprivileged Woman their morning show. Coming from a journalism background but engaging in a wider arena of James cultural topics were hosts like Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera. Education And The Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay! Mixing news, entertainment, and public affairs, Phil Donahue established talk television, an extension of the hot topic live radio call-in shows of the James Baldwin's Technique Essay 1960s. Donahue himself ran a radio show in Dayton, Ohio before premiering his daytime television talk show. Donahue's Dayton show, later syndicated nationally, featured audience members talking about the social issues that affected their lives. Within the field of entertainment/variety talk, it was the late night talk show that assumed special importance. Late night talk picked up steam when it garnered national attention during the talk show wars of the late 1960s and early 1970s. During this time Johnny Carson defended his ratings throne on the Tonight show against challengers Joey Bishop, David Frost, Dick Cavett and Merv Griffin. Late night talk show wars again received front page headlines when Carson's successors, Jay Leno, David Letterman, Chevy Chase, Arsenio Hall, Dennis Miller, and others engaged in fierce ratings battles after Carson's retirement.

Within the United States these talk show wars assumed epic proportions in the press, and and the Underprivileged Essay the impact that late night entertainment talk show hosts had over selfish husband quotes, their audiences seemed, at times, to assume that of political leaders or leaders of state. In an age in which political theorists had become increasingly pessimistic about the Urban Underprivileged Woman possibilities of democracy within the public sphere, late night talk show hosts became sanctioned court jesters who appeared free to mock and question basic American values and political ideas through humor. Throughout the 1960s, 1970s and in Stone, by Ruth 1980s Johnny Carson's monologue on the Tonight show was considered a litmus test of public opinion, a form of commentary on the news. Jay Leno's and David Letterman's comic commentary continued the and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay tradition. The ratings battle between Leno and A Judgment Essay Letterman in the early 1990s echoed the earlier battles between Carson, Dick Cavett, and Education Urban Essay Griffin. Essay! But it was not just comic ability that was demanded of the late night hosts. They had to possess a lively, quick-paced interview technique, a persistent curiosity arising directly from their comic world views, lively conversational skills, and an ability to listen and elicit information from a wide range of Education Underprivileged show business and civilian guests. It was no wonder that a relatively small number of these hosts survived more than a few years on and sculptures more, the air to become stars. Indeed, in all categories of the television talk show over four decades on the air, there were less than three dozen news and entertainment talk show hosts who achieved the Education and the Underprivileged status of selfish quotes stars.

While entertainment/variety talk dominated late night television, and Education and the Urban Underprivileged Essay the mixed public affairs/entertainment audience participation talk shows with hosts like Phil Donahue and Oprah Winfrey increasingly came filled daytime hours, prime time remained almost exclusively devoted to drama. While talk show hosts represent a potpourri of styles and approaches, the number of talk show formats is actually quite limited. For example, a general interest hard news or public affairs show can be built around an Baldwin's Writing Technique expert panel ( Washington Week in Education Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay Review) , a panel and news figure ( Meet the Press ), a magazine format for a single topic (Nightline ), a magazine format that deals with multiple topics ( Sixty Minutes ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview (Bill Moyers' World of Ideas ). These are the The Rape Lock and 'Tam o' Shanter'? standard formats for the discussion of hard news topics. Similarly, a general interest soft news talk show that mixes entertainment, news and public affairs can also be built around a single topic ( Donahue, Oprah , and Geraldo ), a magazine multiple topic format ( Today, Good Morning America ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview ( Barbara Walters Interview Special ). Education And The Woman Essay! There are also special interest news/information formats that focus on such subjects as economics ( Wall Street Week ), sports ( Sports Club ), homemaking/fashion ( Ern Westmore Show ), personal psychology ( Dr. Ruth ), home repair ( This Old House ), literature ( Author Meets the and sculptures of the renaissance were Critic ), and cooking ( Julia Childs ). Entertainment talk shows are represented by a similarly limited number of formats. Education! By far the most prevalent is the informal celebrity guest/host talk show, which takes on different characteristics depending upon what part of the The Role of Alienation in The Sun Also Rises examples day it is broadcast. The late night entertainment talk show, with the publicity it received through the talk show wars, grew rapidly in popularity among viewers during its first four decades on the air. Education And The Woman Essay! But there have also been morning versions of the informal host/guest entertainment variety show ( Will Rodgers Jr. Baldwin's Technique! Show ), daytime versions ( The Robert Q. Lewis Show ), and special topic versions ( American Bandstand ). Some entertainment talk shows have featured comedy through satirical takes on talk shows ( Fernwood Tonight, The Larry Sanders Show ), monologues ( The Henry Morgan Show ), or comedy dialogue ( Dave and Charley ). Some game shows have been built sufficiently around their talk that they are arguably talk shows in disguise ( Groucho Marx's You Bet Your Life , for instance). There are also a whole range of shows that are not conventionally known as talk shows but feature fresh talk and are built primarily around that talk.

These shows center on social encounters or events adapted to television: a religious service ( Life is Education and the Underprivileged, Worth Living ), an academic seminar ( Seminar ), a talent contest ( Talent Scouts ), a practical joke (Candid Camera ), mating rituals ( The Dating Game) , a forensic event ( People's Court ), or a mixed social event ( House Party) . In Stone, Rendell Essay! The line between television talk and what formally constitutes a talk show is often not easy to draw and shifts over time as new forms of television talk emerge. How To Read a Television Talk Show. There are many ways approaches to understanding a television talk show. It may be viewed as a literary narrative, for instance, or as a social text. As literary texts, talk shows contain characters, settings, and even a loosely defined plot structure which re-enacts itself each evening in the talk rituals that take place in front of the camera. These narratives center on Underprivileged, the host as the central recurring character who frames and organizes the renaissance more talk.

Literary analysis of talk shows is relatively rare, but Michael Arlen's essay on Education Urban Essay, the talk show in The Camera Age , or Kenneth Tynan's profile of and sculptures of the renaissance more Johnny Carson in The New Yorker , are superb examples of this approach. Talk shows can also be seen as social texts. Talk shows are indeed forums in which society tests out and comes to terms with the Education and the Urban Woman Essay topics, issues and themes that define its basic values, what it means to be a citizen, a participating member of A Judgment in Stone, Rendell Essay that society. The talk television shows of Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey become microcosms of Education and the society as cutting-edge social and cultural issues are debated and discussed. By the James Baldwin's Technique early 1990s political and Education social analysts began to pay increasing attention to Writing Essay, these forms of television and a number of and the Urban Underprivileged articles were written about them.

Though new hosts and talk shows often appear in rapid succession, usually following expansion cycles in the industry, significant changes in television talk occur more slowly. The Metaphysical Conceit! These changes have traditionally come about at the hands of a relatively small number of influential talk show hosts and and the Urban Underprivileged Essay programmers and have occurred within distinct periods of television history. Cycles of selfish quotes Talk: The History of the Television Talk Show. The term talk show was a relatively late invention, coming into use in the mid-1960s, but shows based on various forms of spontaneous talk were a staple of broadcasting from its earliest days. Radio talk shows of one kind or another made up 24% of all radio programming from l927 to l956, with general variety talk, audience participation, human interest, and panel shows comprising as much as 40-60% of the daytime schedule. Urban Underprivileged Essay! Network television from 1949 to 1973 filled over half its daytime program hours with talk programming, devoting 15 to 20% of its evening schedule to A Judgment by Ruth Essay, talk shows of one kind or another. As the networks went into decline, their viewership dropping from 90% to 65% of the audience in Education Urban Essay the 1980s and early 1990s, talk shows were one form of programming that continued to expand on the networks and in syndication. By the Writing Technique summer of 1993 the television page of USA Today listed seventeen talk shows and local papers as many as twenty-seven.

In all, from 1948 to Education Urban Underprivileged Essay, 1993 over two hundred talk shows appeared on the air. These shows can be broken down into four cycles of television talk show history corresponding to four major periods of television history itself. The first cycle took place from 1948-62 and featured such hosts as Arthur Godfrey, Dave Garroway, Edward R. The Metaphysical Essay! Murrow, Arlene Francis, and Jack Paar. These hosts had extensive radio experience before coming to television and they were the Education Urban Woman Essay founders of The Rape of the Lock o' Shanter'? Essay television talk. During this time the talk show's basic forms--coming largely out of previous radio and stage traditions--took shape. The second cycle covers the period from 1962 to 1972 when the networks took over from sponsors and advertising agencies as the and the Urban Essay dominant forces in talk programming. A small but vigorous syndicated talk industry grew during this period as well. In the 1960s and early 1970s three figures established themselves on The Rape Lock o' Shanter'? Essay, the networks as talk hosts with staying power: Johnny Carson, Barbara Walters, and Mike Wallace. Each was associated with a program that became an Education Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay established profit center for their network and Baldwin's Writing each used that position to negotiate the sustained status with the network that propelled them into Education and the Woman the 1970s and 1980s as a star of A Judgment in Stone, by Ruth television talk. The third cycle of television talk lasted from Urban Woman Essay, 1970 to 1980. During this decade challenges to network domination arose from a number of of Alienation in The Sun Also quarters.

While the networks themselves were initiating few new talk shows by Urban Underprivileged Woman 1969, syndicated talk programming exploded. Twenty new talk shows went on the air in 1969 (up to then the average number of new shows rarely exceeded five). It was a boom period for television talk--and the time of the first nationally publicized talk show wars. Paintings And Sculptures Of The Were More! New technologies of production (cheaper television studios and production costs), new methods of distribution (satellite transmission and cable), and key regulatory decisions by the FCC made nationally syndicated talk increasingly profitable and attractive to investors. Talk show hosts like Phil Donahue took advantage of the situation.

Expanding from 40 markets in 1974 to a national audience of Education Urban Essay 167 markets in 1979, Donahue became the nation's number one syndicated talk show host by the late 1970s. Other new talk show hosts entered the field as well. Bill Moyers' Journal went on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 1970, and Conceit Essay William Buckley's Firing Line, which had appeared previously in Urban Essay syndication, went on PBS a year later. Both Moyers and Buckley, representing liberal and conservative viewpoints respectively, were to remain significant figures on public broadcasting for the next two decades. During this time independent stations and station groups, first run syndication, cable and Rendell Essay VCR's began to weaken the networks' once invincible hold over national audiences. The fourth cycle of television talk took place in the period from 1980 to 1992, a period that has been commonly referred to as the post-network era. Donahue's success in syndication was emulated by others, most notably Oprah Winfrey, whose Donahue-style audience participation show went into national syndication in Urban Woman 1986.

Winfrey set a new record for syndication earnings, grossing over a hundred million dollars a year from the start of her syndication. She became, financially, the most successful talk show host on television. By the early 1980s the networks were vigorously fighting back. Late Night with David Letterman and Ted Koppel's Nightline were two network attempts to Essay, win back audiences. Both shows gained steady ratings over time and established Koppel and Letterman as stars of television talk. Out of each of these cycles of television talk preeminent talk show hosts emerged.

Following the careers of and the Woman these hosts allows us to we see how talk shows are built from selfish quotes, within by strong personalities and effective production teams, and shaped from Education Urban Woman, without by powerful economic, technological, and cultural forces. Regis Philbin and Kathie Lee Gifford. Paradigm Shifts in Late Night Entertainment: Carson to Letterman. Johnny Carson, for thirty years the King of Late Night, and his successor, David Letterman, were in many ways alike. Their rise to fame could be described by the same basic story. A young man from America's heartland comes to the city, making his way through its absurdities and frustrations with feckless humor. This exemplary middle American is square and at the same time sophisticated, innocent, though ironic and irreverent. Straddling the worlds of common sense and show business, the young man becomes a national jester--and is so anointed by the press. The type Johnny Carson and David Letterman represent can be traced to earlier archetypes: the Essay examples Yankee character in early American theater and the Toby character of nineteenth century tent repertory.

Carson brought his version of this character to television at the end of the Eisenhower and beginning of the Kennedy era, poking fun at American consumerism and politics in the late 1950s and Education Urban Underprivileged Woman 1960s. Letterman brought his own version of this sharp-eyed American character to the television screen two decades later at the beginning of the Reagan era. By this time the youth revolts in husband the 1960s and 1970s were already on the wane, and Letterman replaced the politics of confrontation represented by the satire of such shows as Saturday Night Live and SCTV with a politics of accommodation, removal, and Education Underprivileged Woman irony. His ironic stance was increasingly acknowledged as capturing the voice of his generation and, whether as cause or effect, Letterman became a generational symbol. The shift from Carson to Letterman represented not only a cultural change but a new way of looking at television as a medium. Carson's camera was rooted in paintings of the renaissance were more the neutral gaze of the proscenium arch tradition; Letterman's camera roamed wildly and flamboyantly through the studio. Carson acknowledged the camera with sly asides; Letterman's constant, neurotic intimacy with the camera, characterized by his habit of moving right up to the lens and speaking directly into Urban Underprivileged Woman it, represented a new level of self-consciousness about the medium. He extended the self-referentiality that Carson himself had promoted over the years on his talk show.

Indeed, Letterman represented a movement from what has been called a transparent form of television (the viewer taking for granted and of Alienation in The Sun Also Rises examples looking through the forms of television: camera, lighting, switching, etc.) to an opaque form in which the technology and practices of the medium itself become the focus of the show. Letterman changed late night talk forever with his post-modern irreverence and mocking play with the forms of television talk. Paradigm Shifts in the Daytime Audience Participation Talk Show: Donahue to Winfrey. When Oprah Winfrey rose to and the Underprivileged Woman, national syndication success in 1986 by challenging Phil Donahue in major markets around the paintings renaissance more country and winning ratings victories in Urban Woman Essay many of these markets, she did not change the format of the audience participation talk show. And Sculptures Of The Renaissance More! That remained essentially as Donahue had established it twenty years before. What changed was the cultural dynamics of this kind of show and that in turn was a direct reflection of the person who hosted it. The ratings battle that ensued in 1986 was between a black woman raised by and the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay a religious grandmother and strict father within the fold of Lock a black church in and the Urban Underprivileged the South against The Role in The Rises, a white, male, liberal, Catholic Midwesterner who had gone to Notre Dame and been permanently influenced by the women's movement. As Jackie Robinson had broken baseball's color barrier four decades earlier, Oprah Winfrey broke the color line for national television talk show hosts in 1986. She became one of the Education Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay great Horatio Alger rags-to-riches story of the 1980s (by the The Rape and 'Tam o' Shanter'? early 1990s People Weekly was proclaiming her the richest woman in show business with an estimated worth of $200 million), and as Arsenio Hall and Bob Costas ended their six and seven year runs on television in the early 1990s, it became clear that Oprah Winfrey had staying power.

She remained one of the Education Underprivileged Woman Essay few prominent talk show hosts of the 1980s to survive within the cluttered talk show landscape of mid-1990s. Several factors contributed to The Metaphysical Essay, this success. For one thing, Winfrey had a smart management team and a full-press national marketing campaign to catapult her into Woman Essay competition with Donahue. The national syndication deal had been worked out by Essay Winfrey' representative, attorney-manager Jeffrey Jacobs, and Education and the Woman Essay King World's marketing plan was a classic one. Executives at King World felt the and sculptures of the renaissance more media would pounce on a war with Donahue so they created one. The first step was to send tapes of Oprah's shows to focus groups in Education and the Urban Woman several localities to see how they responded. Of The Renaissance Were More! The results were positive.

The next step was to show tapes to selected station groups--small network alliances of a half-dozen or more stations under a single owner. These groups would be offered exclusive broadcast rights. As the reactions began to Essay, come in, King World adjusted its tactics. Of Alienation Sun Also Examples! Rather than making blanket offers, they decided to Education Underprivileged Essay, open separate negotiations in each city and by Ruth Rendell market. The gamble paid off. Winfrey's track record proved her a hot enough commodity to win better deals through individual station negotiation. To launch Winfrey on and the Underprivileged, the air King World kicked off a major advertising campaign. Media publications trumpeted Oprah's ratings victories over Donahue in Baltimore and The Role of Alienation in The Sun Also Rises Essay examples Chicago. The Donahue-buster strategy was tempered by Winfrey herself, who worked hard not to appear too arrogant or conceited.

When asked about head-on competition with Donahue she replied that in Underprivileged Woman Essay a majority of markets she did not compete with him directly and that while Donahue would certainly remain the king, she just wanted to James Essay, be a part of the monarchy. Education Urban Underprivileged Woman! By the time The Oprah Winfrey Show went national in Conceit Essay September of 1986 it had been signed by over 180 stations--less than Donahue's 200-plus but approaching that number. As well as refined marketing and Education Essay advertising techniques, cultural issues also featured prominently in James Baldwin's Writing Technique Essay Winfrey's campaign. Winfrey's role as talk show host was inseparable from her identity as an and the Underprivileged African American woman. Her African American heritage and Conceit Essay roots surfaced frequently in press accounts. One critic described her in Education and the Woman a 1986 Spy magazine article as capaciously built, black, and extremely noisy.

These and and sculptures were more other comments on her black style were not lost on Winfrey. She confronted with the issue of race constantly and Underprivileged Woman was very conscious of her image as an African American role model. When a USA Today reporter queried Winfrey bluntly about the issue of race in August of 1986, asking her as someone who is not pencil-thin, white, nor blond, how she was transcending barriers that have hindered many in television, Winfrey replied as follows: I've been able to do it because my race and in The Sun Also Rises examples gender have never been an Education Urban Woman issue for The Metaphysical Conceit Essay, me. I've been blessed in knowing who I am, and Education Underprivileged Essay I am a part of a great legacy. I've crossed over on the backs of Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman, and Fannie Lou Hamer, and Madam C.J.

Walker. Because of them I can now soar. Because of them I can now live the dream. Winfrey's remarks represent the double-voiced identity of many successful African American public figures. Such figures, according to Henry Louis Gates, demonstrate 'his or her own membership in the human community and then . resistance to selfish husband, that community.' In the mid-1980s, then, the image of Oprah Winfrey as national talk show host played against both white and black systems of values and aesthetics.

It was her vitality as a double-sign, not simply her role as an Horatio Alger figure, that made her compelling to a national audience in the United States. Hosts like Letterman and Winfrey played multiple roles. They were simultaneously star performers, managing editors, entrepreneurs, cultural symbols and setters of social trends. Of all the Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay star performers who dot the landscape of television, the talk show host might have the most direct claim to the film director's status as auteur. Hosts like Letterman and Winfrey had to constantly re-invent themselves, in the words of Conceit Kenneth Tynan, to Education and the Urban Underprivileged Woman, sustain themselves within the highly competitive world of network television.

The talk show, like the selfish daily newspaper, is often considered a disposable form. The first ten years of Johnny Carson's Tonight shows, for example, were erased by NBC without any thought to future use. Scholars have similarly neglected talk shows. News and drama offered critics from the Education Urban Underprivileged Essay arts, humanities, and social sciences at least a familiar place to of Alienation in The Sun Also Essay examples, begin their studies. Talk shows were different, truly synthetic creations of television as a medium. Nonetheless, talk shows have become increasingly important on television and their hosts increasingly influential. They speak to cultural ideas and ideals as forcefully as politicians or educators. National talk show hosts become surrogates for the citizen.

Interrogators on Education and the Essay, the news or clown princes and in Stone, jesters on entertainment talk shows, major television hosts have a license to question and mock--as long as they play within the rules. And The Urban Woman! An investigation of the paintings and sculptures of the were more television talk show must, finally, delineate and examine those rules. The first governing principle of the and the Woman Essay television talk show is that everything that occurs on the show is framed by the host who characteristically has a high degree of control over both the A Judgment in Stone, Rendell show and the production team. From a production point of view, the host is the managing editor; from a marketing point of view, the host is the label that sells the product; from an power and organizational point of view, the Education Woman Essay host's star value is the paintings renaissance fulcrum of power in contract negotiations with advertisers, network executives, and syndicators. Without a brand-name host, a show may continue but it will not be the same.

A second principle of television talk show is that it is experienced in the present tense. And The! This is true whether the show is live or taped as-if live in James Writing Technique Essay front of a studio audience. Live, taped, or shown in and the Essay reruns, talk shows are conducted, and and sculptures more viewers participate in them, as if host, guest and viewer occupy the same moment. As social texts, television talk shows are highly sensitive to Education Underprivileged Woman, the topics of their social and cultural moment. The Metaphysical Conceit! These topics may concern passing fashions or connect to deeper preoccupations.

References to the O.J. Simpson case on television talk shows in the mid-1990s, for example, reflected a preoccupation in the United States with domestic violence and issues of gender, race, and class. And The! Talk shows are, in this sense, social histories of their times. While it is James Baldwin's Essay, host-centered, occurring in a real or imagined present tense, sensitive to the historical moment, and based on a form of Education Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay public/private intimacy, the Baldwin's Technique Essay television talk show is also a commodity. Talk shows have been traditionally cheap to produce. In 1992 a talk show cost less than $100,000 compared to up to a million dollars or more for a prime time drama. Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay! By the James Baldwin's Writing Essay early 1990s developments in video technology made talk shows even more economical to produce and touched off a new wave of Education Underprivileged Essay talk shows on the air. Still, the rule of the market place prevailed. A joke on The Role of Alienation in The Sun Also Rises Essay examples, Johnny Carson' final show that contained 75 words and ran 30 seconds was worth approximately $150,000--the cost to advertisers of a 30-second spot on that show. Underprivileged! Each word of the joke cost approximately $2000.

Though the rates of Carson's last show were particularly high, commercial time on television is always expensive, and an industry of network and and sculptures renaissance more station reps, time buyers and and the Urban Woman Essay sellers work constantly to negotiate and manage the cost of talk commodities on the television market. If a talk show makes money over time, its contract will be renewed. If it does not, no matter how valuable or critically acclaimed it may be, it will be pulled from the air. Technique Essay! A commodity so valuable must be carefully managed and planned. Education Urban Underprivileged! It must fit the commercial imperatives and time limits of for-profit television. Though it can be entertaining, even outrageous, it must never seriously alienate advertisers or viewers. As we can see from the paintings renaissance more examples above, talk shows are shaped by many hands and guided by Urban a clear set of The Metaphysical Conceit Essay principles. These rules are so well known that hosts, guests and viewers rarely stop to think about them. What appears to be one of television's most unfettered and Urban Woman spontaneous forms turns out to, on closer investigation, one of its most complex and artful creations. -Bernard M. Selfish! Timberg.

MAJOR TALK SHOW HOSTS, 1948-94. Faye Emerson (1948-60), Arthur Godfrey (1948-61), Arlene Francis (1949-75), Dave Garroway (1949-61,69), Garry Moore (1950-77), Art Linkletter (1950-70), Steve Allen (1950-84), Ernie Kovacs (1951-61), Mike Wallace (1951-), Merv Griffin (1951-86), Edward R. Education And The Urban Underprivileged Essay! Murrow (1951-59), Dinah Shore (1951-62, 1970-80), Jack Paar (1951-65,73), Mike Douglas (1953-82), Johnny Carson (1954-92), David Susskind (1958-87), Barbara Walters (1963-), David Frost (1964-5,69-73), William Buckley, (1966-), Dick Cavett(1968-72,75,77-82,85-86,92-), Joan Rivers (1969,83-), Phil Donahue (1970-), Bill Moyers (1971-), Tom Snyder (1973-82,94-), Geraldo Rivera (1974-), Ted Koppel (1979-), David Letterman (1980-), John Mclaughlin (1982-), Larry King (1983-), Oprah Winfrey (1986-), Sally Jesse Raphael (1986-), Arsenio Hall (1987-), Jane Pauley (1990-), Jay Leno (1992-), Ricki Lake (1992-). -Compiled by Robert Erler and James Baldwin's Writing Essay Bernard Timberg. Carter, Bill. The Late Shift: Letterman, Leno, And The Network Battle For The Night. And The Urban Underprivileged Woman Essay! New York: Hyperion, 1994. Corliss, Richard. The Talk Of Our Town.

Film Comment (New York), January-February 1981. Donahue, Phil. Donahue: My Own Story. New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Downs, Hugh. On Camera: My 10,000 Hours On Television. New York: Putnam's, 1986. Heaton, Jeanne Albronda and The Rape of the Lock o' Shanter'? Nona Leigh. Tuning In Trouble: Talk TV's Destructive Impact On Mental Health.

San Francisco: Josey-Bass, 1995. Himmelstein, Hal. Television Myth and the American Mind. Underprivileged Woman! New York: Praeger, 1995. Hirsch, Alan. Talking Heads: Political Talk Shows and Their Star Pundits.

New York: St. Martin's, 1991. Latham, Caroline. The David Letterman Story: An Unauthorized Biography. New York: Franklin Watts, 1987. Letterman, David. Interview. Selfish Husband Quotes! Playboy (Chicago), October 1984. Livingstone, Sonia, and Peter Lunt. Talk On Television: Audience Participation And Public Debate . Education! London: Routledge, 1994.

Metz, Robert. Conceit! The Today Show . And The Urban Underprivileged Woman! Chicago: Playboy, 1977. Munson, Wayne. All Talk: The Talkshow In Media Culture. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 1993. Timberg, Bernard.

The Unspoken Rules of A Judgment by Ruth Essay Television Talk. Education Urban Underprivileged Woman! In, Newcomb, Horace, editor. Television: The Critical View. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Tynan, Kenneth. Show People. The Metaphysical Essay! New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Priest, Patricia Joyner. Public Intimacies: Talk Show Participants And Tell-All TV.

Creskill, New Jersey: Hampton, 1995.