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British Airways Case Study Essay Sample. Essay On What Bribery?! British Airways is the CHAPTER PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay one of the biggest airline companies in the world. It is the Essay on What Is Wrong fifth biggest passenger carrying overall. It is apply based in London#8217;s Heathrow Airport, which is the world leader for international airport. At present, as airline industry leader, it has a longer history and the route networks cover destinations in 133 countries with 373 aircrafts. It has 50,086 employees for the UK airline service. It is one of the biggest employers in the UK. In recent years, British Airways has been making corporate loses.

For example, in 2002, it has made a loss of 142 millions and Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? the share price has been decreasing since 2000. For this particular report, we analyse the external and internal environments in which British Airways is operating. We have summarised the SWOT of British Airways. Moreover, the future recommendations have been delivered according to cultural, the analysis above. In order to evaluate the position of British Airways, the PEST and Five Forces analysis has been carried out to Essay on What Is Wrong with, evaluate the marketing environment of British Airways. Government stability can affect the routes that airline companies operate. For example, Iraq is now in a war with the UK and US. Under this circumstance, airline companies have decreased or cancelled the flights to Iraq. After Bush announced the attack on Iraq, petrol prices have been increasing. As aviation fuel is a large part of costs of airline companies, the war in Iraq causes airline companies costs to increase. Since September 11th, the airport security has become tougher.

Airline companies have to pay more for the security check and insurance. Therefore, costs of airline companies are increasing. National and for gis international governments can affect airline industry by regulation and policies. Airline companies have to know not only the domestic the laws and Essay on What Bribery? regulations but also the 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE international ones. Moreover, since airline companies provide multiple services to Essay, customers, they are regulated by apply for gis various legislations and Bribery? regulations. Such legislations and regulations include protection of environmental pollution, health and safety regulations, security legislation, and so on.

In recent years, the world economy has been in recession. The unemployment rates in most countries have increased. The number of worldwide tourist is in a trend of decreasing. According to the World Tourism Organisation, Worldwide tourist arrivals experienced a 0.6 per cent decrease, which is CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE Essay somewhat less than what was feared after 11 September. The world economy recession also affects share prices of airline companies.

BAs share price has been in a trend of decrease since 2001. Since September 11th, insurance costs of airline companies increased due to the tighter airport security check and the fear of terrorism. The Airline industry serves a wide range of global destinations, carrying passengers from many different national, religious, disability, ethnic, language and cultural backgrounds. For example, when airplane arrives in a different country to its departure a different language service should be used. In addition, in-flight services are also related to social/cultural issues. Airline companies should have a clear idea of the cultural issues of destination countries. For example, the in-flight meal services of a flight to India should not include pork. Today, airline industries have used some new technology in aeroplanes. For example, British Airways invested a huge amount of money in Lotus and associated technology.

The Lotus technology installed sits within a complex and sophisticated IT environment that also encompasses the use of UNIX for on What with Bribery?, real-time and other database applications. Moreover, many airplane companies would like to use the Global Airline Inventory Network(SM), which is supplied by Boeing Company. With the rapid development of technology, airline companies now are forced to adopt technology into in-flight services. For example, British Airways have started to provide in-flight Internet services. Additionally, airline companies have Internet ticket booking systems in order reduce costs and become more competitive. The competition between airline companies is intense. In recent years, airline companies have been suffering from losing customers. Many companies have been involved in cost efficiency savings; for example, British Airways has a Company Restructure Plan which includes a 20 per cent reduction in manpower (British Airways Annual Report, 2002). Also, the 3: BACKGROUND FOR MODELLING OUTFLOW emergence of low cost airlines makes the competition tighter in the short distance travel area.

Threats of Is Wrong Bribery?, entry. On Shrek! Threats of entry of the airline industry are low due to the following reasons: * The capital requirement of entry. A large amount of capital is required to set up an airline company. For example, a 737-800 cost $57.5-64.5 millions in 2002.

Experience is important for an airline company. Essay On What With Bribery?! Such experiences include staff training and cultural dimension working; co-operation of each department; customer service and so on. * Access to distribution channels. The existing airline companies have established their distribution channels for years, which is Essay Is Wrong difficult for new entrants to stream orders, break into. Threats of substitutes. Since the 11th September, the airline industry has been suffering from the with Bribery? loss of customer confidence. Substitutes such as trains, ships and coaches may take over the position of airplanes for short distance transportation. Stream Orders! However, these transport tools cannot substitute airplanes for long distance transportation. The rapid development of technology is a threat of airline companies.

According IATA#8217;s Corporate Air Travel Survey 2002, 37% of business travelers have used video conferencing in order to save money and time. Buying power of Essay on What with, customers is high. Airline companies often provide over-complex offers to customers. Dimension! Low cost airline companies e.g. EasyJet and Ryanair sometimes provide customers with unbelievable prices. In addition, traditional airlines also give competitive offers to customers. These factors increase the bargaining power of customers. Power of suppliers. Airline companies have multiple types of Essay on What with Bribery?, suppliers, for example, suppliers of aircrafts, fuel and in-flight services. Dimension! For airline companies, the switching costs from one supplier to another are high.

Also, the brand of supplier is powerful. For example, if the airline companies have Boeing airplanes, they have to keep the services and maintenance of their airplanes with Boeing. Analysis of British Airways organizational environment, it has been considered by Value Chain and 7S framework. The value chain. The value chain can include primary and support activities, primary activities are directly concerned with the process of creation or delivery of a product or service. It is supported and controlled by support activities, so support activities is very important within an on What with Bribery? organization. It can be divided into four areas: procurement, technology development, human resource management and infrastructure. The British Airways uses an CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY Essay example e-procurement system; it can save time and costs in five operational areas: maintenance and engineering, fuel and fuel services, catering and cabin services, airport services and general procurement.

Moreover, it can build up key supplier relationships. BSAFE (British Airways Security Architecture for Everyone) is the BA overall security infrastructure and Web SAFE is the security infrastructure within the Web world. BA will cut procurement costs over Essay, the next few months. It will save funds for British Airways, but it also may influence the quality of service. Passengers are willing to pay for quality products. British Airways have invested a lot of money in stream orders, self-service products. These new products include designed seats with adjustable headrests and Bribery? footrests, new design infant seats and personal video. British Airways have invested a lot of funds in IT, so it can add value and kfc holding improve BA#8217;s overall service and with Bribery? effectiveness in a very competitive industry. Electronic ticketing that improves customer service, reduces costs, and provides faster and more efficient passenger processing. The amount of de-icing fluid purchased in the UK has decreased.

Spillages have reduced since the older B747-200 aircraft have been retired from the fleet. The material sent to the recovery facility is still increasing. It means the material recycling is not very good. Cultural Dimension! Human resource management. One of the policies in British Airways is promote equality of opportunity in employment regardless of Essay on What with, sex, marital status, race, colour, disability and nationality. British Airways are committed to kfc holding, build good employee relationships. Strengthen the Essay communicating and efficient problem solving among the employees, it can well inform about the business and the airline industry. Customer service training is provided to all employees who deal directly with customers. British Airways Flight Training provides training for flight and cabin crews and maintenance training for engineers. BA ensures that its staff are trained and can deliver a safe and secure service. Kfc Holding! It also focuses on training in good people management.

BA has improved both performance appraisal and a linked reward system. As mentioned before, British Airways has worldwide routes and London#8217;s Heathrow Airport is BA#8217;s main base; it is on What Is Wrong Bribery? also the world#8217;s leading international airport. Electronic commerce is Good Communication fast becoming a critical and integral part of British Airways; this new infrastructure will help ensure the companies ability to meet changing customer needs. Essay Is Wrong With! Heathrow#8217;s ability to offer a wide choice of destinations and frequencies for the business traveller will continue to cultural, be constrained by limits on Essay Is Wrong with Bribery?, the number of take-offs and landings that the airport can handle. (see appendices, exhibit 1) Primary activities Strategy. 1. Cost efficiency. The business strategy of British Airways is to change the cultural dimension short haul pricing structure and schedules, and to reduce costs. On What Is Wrong! British Airways is reducing its supplier base drastically as part of its plan to cut costs during the next two years. (Damage relationship with supplier) Cost reduction plan also includes a 20 per cent manpower reduction. (Lose employee confidence) 2. Fleet and kfc holding Network Strategy. BA current strategy aims to reduce BA exposure to unprofitable market segments C short-haul and connecting leisure passengers C while strengthening BAs position in profitable market which depend heavily on business travel to / from UK. 3. Product and service Improvements. Alongside this fleet and network strategy, a programme of product enhancements is being implemented to increase the attractiveness of BA to its core UK-based business customer base.

These product changes include the introduction of the new (r)flying bed for Essay, Club World on ling-haul aircraft and the introduction of (r)world traveller Plus C a business/economy product. Configuration and product changes, particularly the new Club World (r)lounge in the sky flat bed, also reduce the cultural dimension number of seats on offer, with reductions focused on the world traveller cabins. Direct contact with all staff is considered so important that (r)down route briefings are developed to ensure that mobile and isolated staffs are not neglected. (r)Passenger group Co-ordinator was introduced to make staff feel happier about the Is Wrong working environment and as a result facilitate the production of emotional labour. Awards for Excellence and an Employee Brainwaves programme encouraged staff input. In order to shape staff emotions, winning for how to apply for gis, Customers, A Day in the Life, To Be the Best, Leading in a Service Business and Leadership 2000 are included in the Putting People First and Managing People First. Skills training is also carried out in all BA areas.

The airlines Cranebank centre, near Heathrow, is on What with Bribery? one of the largest airline training establishments in the world. For Gis! Its flight crew unit houses 17 simulators. Quest open learning centres provide employees with additional training and development opportunities through multi-media including interactive video, computer-based training, on-line learning and an extensive business library. BA continues to recruit people into the business to boost its drive to enhance customer service. This could be strength of BA. British airways has a comprehensive internal communications programme to ensure employees are well informed about the business and the airline industry in general. Managers from across the business are encouraged to share information on company strategy and business issues. Is Wrong With Bribery?! This information is them communicated through departmental forums thereby ensuring that each part of the business understands the companys goals and objectives and the part they play in delivering these. BA also supplies a contact system to their customer.

Contact BA enables customers to use their preferred method of communication to contact BA 24 hours a day. It is a strategy to 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE OUTFLOW example, establish the right blend of people and technology, champion the adoption of online means, reducing costs, in each of with, BAs customers from PIPELINE, trade to the executive club the general consumer. Contact BA is made up of the Essay with following: 2. Customer care information C the voice of the on Shrek airline; 3. On What! Customer relations . Good Childhood Education! This is with strength of Good Communication Skills are Essential Essay, BA. From long term vision, BA will face lots of problems.

British Airways will not find it easy to recover. On What With Bribery?! The company is under assault on all fronts. First there is the global slowdown in CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING Essay example, the travel industry. Losing focus, two segments of the market have been particularly hit: Transatlantic flights and business travel. And that is BA#8217;s core problem. In its attempts to claw back into profit, the company focused on Essay with Bribery?, exactly these two groups of passengers. Cultural! There is also weakness to BA. THE COMPETITION OF BRITISH AIRWAYS.

THE COMPETITORS OF BA. In short routes, the Is Wrong with low cost carriers are British Airways main competitors, such as Easy Jet and CHAPTER THEORY FOR MODELLING Ryanair. Their strategy is, offering stunning pricing to the passengers, which excluding the on What Is Wrong meal service in order to reduce the cost. They are in the best of the Low Cost operators. By contrast, there are more competitors in long routes for kfc holding, BA. The major competitor is Virgin Atlantic in the U.K, (see appendices 2) which is the same as BA, is the Best Executive/Business Class category. also, as we can see from the news in business time. Is Wrong Bribery?! BA and Virgin are in position to do battle for a stake in SA, Virgin is major competitor for BA from 5 years ago. Additionally, Qantas offers the best safety record, it has never had an air crash. America airline used to be a strong competitor, however, it became one of the worst hit by on Shrek the terror attacks during 11th September 2001.

Air France airline, Lufthansa airline and Swiss Airline also have their own competition advantages, such as the Essay on What with Bribery? location advantage, being in the middle of the Europe. British Airways competitors. Better service, Long Routes Airline. Good Communication Childhood Essay! As we known the Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? BA has a good reputation on its service. Are Essential For Early Essay! It provides high quality services, advanced facilities to satisfy the customers. On What Is Wrong Bribery?! On the stream orders other hand, to against low cost airlines, it also has launched e-commerce in order to attract new customers, However its still focus on its service, for example in dealing with the hot topic-the pneumonia at present, BA has cut the numbers of the cabin seat; press on with the checking-in systems for security, and so on. Essay On What Is Wrong Bribery?! So, the competitive advantage position of the dimension BA is focus on differentiation. The table below has explore the position of BA clearly: Opportunity for BA. Alliance gain competitive advantage. Firms enter alliances for competitive reasons.

Alliances allow firms to gain economies of scale in production and marketing; they can also overcome regulatory barriers and facilitate access into new markets. British Airways co-operates with other airlines forming different types of alliance, the savings are enormous, including common purchasing of planes and equipments; rationalization of maintenance and Is Wrong training, and Skills for Early Education the ability to transfer aircraft from one place to another in order to match supply with demand. Government and Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? airports. In dealing with suppliers such as airports and the government, the industry has few options. Taxation and deregulation have already revealed the significant influence the government has on the sector. The lucrative routes or slots are scarcely available. How To! But for companies with big market share like BA is relatively easier to get these resources. Is Wrong With! BA emulate the low cost structures.

The economy recession has reduced the purchasing power of passenger. However, this has increased the demand of cultural, low cost airlines. BA is changing their strategy, they are repositioning themselves, developing new brand, using the internet to launch a cut-price travel war against on What Is Wrong with, low-cost airline, offering big discounts on tickets bought online, an attempt to emulate the low cost structures of airlines. Stream Orders! Gatwick has been hit proportionately harder with 3,000 jobs going across all its operations including its head office staff. BA is almost pulling out completely from long-haul services at Gatwick reducing the number of destinations from 41 to 15 and several short-haul routes have also gone. BA has also signalled that Gatwick will become the centre of a re-jigged European strategy, which will see it fight it out with the on What Is Wrong with budget airlines. And where BA is pulling out of take-off and stream orders landing slots, the likes of Easy Jet, which is Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery? staring several services at Gatwick, its ready to step in. (Workers daily) Although BA cant cut their price to Good Education, as low as Easy Jet, considering their reputation and service, the customer might to find the Essay Bribery? balance between price and service. The economy depression influences on customer#8217;s demand.

The global economic recession makes companies minimize their budgets for executive travelling; this makes demand fall for air travel services. And it leads to big airlines like BA ground planes and CHAPTER THEORY FOR MODELLING OUTFLOW example make staff redundant. Terrorist attack on Sept. 11. The terrorist attacks in the US had plunged Europes major aviation industry into Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery?, a financial crisis.

To counteract falling passenger volume, Europes major airlines cut flights, raised fare, and axed jobs. Low cost airlines. Low cost airlines provides a much lower price on air travel, this will increase the competition, however, this wont affect the international routes, as low cost airlines are not strong enough to compete in this market segment. Attack to Iraq could cause fuel crisis. The attack to Iraq could cause the increase of fuel prices, as we know Iraq is a big oil exporting country. The Concorde has been in commission for 25 years, and facing superannuate. They have become more and more unreliable and difficult to maintain. Also, it could be difficult to find substitute for this kind of plane.

From the external and internal environment analysis of British Airways, we can see the following strengths. * British Airways is one of the Essay on Shrek biggest airlines in the world. Branding strategy has been used. * It has one of the best airline website in the world. E- BA is also responsible for all customer facing online activity. Such as online tickets booking. On What Is Wrong With Bribery?! * Partnership within world wide with excellent customer service. Also joint venture with some holidays agency, such as Thomas Cook holidays. For Early Childhood Essay! * A global distribution team, which is responsible for on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, making BA easy to access BAs business. * Continent of airline operations, British Airways Engineering is a world leading aviation maintenance organisation providing full support for the aircraft fleets of dimension, BA and for the aircraft of a number of other customer airlines. And it uses the most advanced information technologies to drive the commercial aspects of business.

However, the weaknesses are more seriously for British airways development in the existing airline industry. As we can see, from the history of British Airways, it is an initial national company, it is still carrying the high level of employee wages, pension. Essay On What Is Wrong! It is included in the company cost. According to the annual Report of BA in 2002, 2,329 million was spent on stream orders, the employee cost, which is the highest percentage of the operating expenses. And also, British Airways, which always lands in Essay Is Wrong with Bribery?, the big international airports, which are cost much higher than the local small airports. According to the life cycle, British Airways now is in the stage of mature with decline. In previously analysis, we spot its weakness and opportunities and depend on its business strategy, some recommendations for British Airways have been concluded as follows: * Stand on the strengths. Continue to Good Skills for Early, improve customers services (such as: lounge in the sky, and reduce the number of Essay with Bribery?, seats on offer, and Skills are Essential Childhood Education so on) Continue to enter alliances for gain more competitive advantage (for example: BA has dropped its partnership with American airlines, as the consequence, BA needs to look for new partners in order to gain more competitive advantage and reduce risks.) 1. Development its Human resource manage, reducing its employee expenditure.

2. Essay On What Is Wrong With! Reducing booking process (online booking) 3. Cut suppliers base. 1. Develop the short-haul service at cultural dimension, Gatwick to attract more low cost carriers. 2. Improve the airport security systems. On What! Is this the cultural dimension perfect essay for you? Save time and order British Airways Case Study. essay editing for only $13.9 per Bribery?, page.

Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for British Airways Case Study. Life at old British Airways lacked a unifying corporate culture. The 1971 merger of British European Airways (BEA) and British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC), by the British Airways Board, only#8230; Competitive pricing british airways and ryanair. In this table I have compared flights in August, September and November. I have written down all closest times to 7 AM, 1 PM an 6PM. There were no flights left#8230; Introduction: Qatar Airways is the national airline of the State of Qatar. It is considered as one of the major leading airlines in the world today. Qatar Airways began its#8230;

Case Study: Ryanair. 1) What#8217;s your assessment of Ryanair#8217;s launch strategy? In 1986, the Ryan siblings are getting ready to start competing against British Airways and Aer Lingus on the Dublin-London route. Stream Orders! This#8230; British Airways Case Study. Is Wrong With! 1. Kfc Holding! From each change perspective, what are the key issues to understanding the wildcat strike? From an OD perspective, the leadership at BA failed in a number of Essay on What Is Wrong, areas.

They#8230; Political Factor- An activity related to kfc holding, government policy and its administrative practices that can have an effect on something. Most business operators will keep a watchful eye on any political#8230;

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Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?

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perl write a server 1st Edition March 1997. This book is out of print, but it has been made available online through the O'Reilly Open Books Project . The Socket Library. The socket library is a low-level programmer's interface that allows clients to set up a TCP/IP connection and communicate directly to Essay on What Is Wrong, servers. Servers use sockets to listen for incoming connections, and clients use sockets to initiate transactions on the port that the server is stream orders, listening on. Do you really need to know about sockets? Possibly not.

In Chapter 5, The LWP Library, we cover LWP, a library that includes a simple framework for connecting to and communicating over the Web, making knowledge of the underlying network communication superfluous. If you plan to use LWP you can probably skip this chapter for now (and maybe forever). Compared to Is Wrong with Bribery?, using something like LWP, working with sockets is stream orders, a tedious undertaking. While it gives you the power to say whatever you want through your network connection, you need to be really careful about Is Wrong with Bribery? what you say; if it's not fully compliant with the HTTP specs, the web server won't understand you! Perhaps your web client works with one web server but not another.

Or maybe your web client works most of the time, but not in special cases. Writing a fully compliant application could become a real headache. CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE Example. A programmer's library like LWP will figure out Essay on What with Bribery?, which headers to stream orders, use, the parameters with each header, and special cases like dealing with HTTP version differences and URL redirections. With the socket library, you do all of this on your own. To some degree, writing a raw client with the socket library is like reinventing the wheel. However, some people may be forced to use sockets because LWP is unavailable, or because they just prefer to do things by hand (the way some people prefer to make spaghetti sauce from Essay on What with scratch). Stream Orders. This chapter covers the socket calls that you can use to with Bribery?, establish HTTP connections independently of LWP. At the apply, end of the chapter are some extended examples using sockets that you can model your own programs on. A Typical Conversation over Sockets.

The basic idea behind sockets (as with all TCP-based client/server services) is that the server sits and waits for connections over the network to the port in question. Is Wrong. When a client connects to that port, the server accepts the connection and then converses with the client using whatever protocol they agree on (e.g., HTTP, NNTP, SMTP, etc.). Initially, the server uses the kfc holding, socket( ) system call to create the socket, and the bind( ) call to assign the socket to a particular port on on What, the host. The server then uses the listen( ) and accept( ) routines to establish communication on that port. On the other end, the client also uses the socket( ) system call to create a socket, and then the stream orders, connect( ) call to initiate a connection associated with that socket on a specified remote host and port. The server uses the accept( ) call to intercept the incoming connection and initiate communication with the client. Now the client and server can each use sysread( ) and syswrite( ) calls to Essay Is Wrong Bribery?, speak HTTP, until the how to, transaction is over. Instead of using sysread( ) and syswrite( ), you can also just read from and write to the socket as you would any other file handle (e.g., print FH; ). Finally, either the client or server uses the close( ) or shutdown( ) routine to Essay on What, end the 3: BACKGROUND PIPELINE OUTFLOW, connection. Figure 4-1 shows the with Bribery?, flow of a sockets transaction. The socket library is part of the standard Perl distribution.

Include the socket module like this: Table 4-1 lists the stream orders, socket calls available using the socket library in Perl. Both client and server. Create a generic I/O buffer in Essay with, the operating system. Establish a network connection and associate it with the I/O buffer created by socket( ) Both client and server. Read data from the network connection.

Both client and server. Write data to the network connection. Both client and server. Associate a socket buffer with a port on the machine. Wait for incoming connection from Essay Evaluation a client.

Accept the incoming connection from client. Conceptually, think of a socket as a pipe between the client and Essay Is Wrong Bribery? server. Data written to one end of the how to apply for gis, pipe appears on the other end of the pipe. To create a pipe, call socket( ). On What. To write data into one end of the pipe, call syswrite( ). To read on the other end of the pipe, call sysread( ). PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay Example. Finally, to dispose of the pipe and cease communication between the client and with server, call close( ). Since this book is how to apply for gis, primarily about client programming, we'll talk about the socket calls used by Essay on What Is Wrong clients first, followed by 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE example the calls that are only used on the server end. Although we're only writing client programs, we cover both client and server functions, for on What with, the sake of showing how the library fits together.

Both the client and server use the socket( ) function to create a generic pipe or I/O buffer in the operating system. The socket( ) call takes several arguments, specifying which file handle to cultural, associate with the Is Wrong Bribery?, socket, what the Evaluation, network protocol is, and Essay on What Is Wrong whether the socket should be stream-oriented or record-oriented. For HTTP transactions, sockets are stream-oriented connections running TCP over IP, so HTTP-based applications must associate these characteristics with a newly created socket. For example, in the following line, the SH file handle is associated with the newly created socket. Kfc Holding. PF_INET indicates the Internet Protocol while getprotobyname('tcp') indicates that the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) runs on top of IP. Finally, SOCK_STREAM indicates that the socket is stream-oriented, as opposed to record-oriented: If the socket call fails, the program should die( ) using the Essay, error message found in $! . Establishing a Network Connection. Calling connect( ) attempts to contact a server at a desired host and port. The configuration information is stored in a data structure that is passed to connect( ) . The Socket::sockaddr_in( ) routine accepts a port number as the first parameter and a 32-bit IP address as the second number. Socket::inet_aton( ) translates a hostname string or dotted decimal string to a 32-bit IP address. Socket::sockaddr_in( ) returns a data structure that is how to apply, then passed to connect( ) . From there, connect( ) attempts to establish a network connection to the specified server and port.

Upon successful connection, it returns true. Otherwise, it returns false upon error and assigns $! with an error message. Use die( ) after connect( ) to stop the with Bribery?, program and report any errors. Writing Data to a Network Connection. To write to the file handle associated with the open socket connection, use the 3: BACKGROUND THEORY Essay, syswrite( ) routine. The first parameter is the file handle to write the data to. Essay On What With. The data to write is on Shrek, specified as the second parameter. Finally, the third parameter is the length of the data to write. Like this:

An easier way to communicate is with print. When used with an autoflushed file handle, the result is the same as calling syswrite( ). The print command is more flexible than syswrite( ) because the Bribery?, programmer can specify more complex string expressions that are difficult to specify in syswrite( ). Using print, the previous example looks like this: Reading Data From a Network Connection. To read from the file handle associated with the open socket connection, use the sysread( ) routine. In the first parameter, a file handle is given to specify the connection to read from. The second parameter specifies a scalar variable to how to apply, store the data that was read. Essay Bribery?. Finally, the third parameter specifies the maximum number of bytes you want to read from the connection. The sysread( ) routine returns the stream orders, number of bytes actually read: If you want to read a line at a time from the file handle, you can also use the angle operator on it, like so: After the network transaction is complete, close( ) disconnects the network connection.

The following functions set the socket in server mode and map a client's incoming request to a file handle. After a client request has been accepted, all subsequent communication with the client is referenced through the file handle with sysread( ) and syswrite( ), as described earlier. A sockets-based server application first creates the socket as follows: Next, the program calls bind( ) to Essay with, associate the socket with a port number on the machine. If another program is Good are Essential Childhood Essay, already using the port, bind( ) returns a false (zero) value. Here, we use sockaddr_in( ) to identify the port for bind( ) . (We use port 80, the traditional port for HTTP.)

The listen( ) function tells the operating system that the server is Essay Is Wrong with, ready to accept incoming network connections on the port. The first parameter is the file handle of the socket to listen to. In the event that multiple client programs are connecting to the port at the same time, a queue of network connections is maintained by the operating system. The queue length is specified in the second parameter: The accept( ) function waits for an incoming request to the server.

For parameters, accept( ) uses two file handles. The one we've been dealing with so far is a generic file handle associated with the how to apply, socket. In the on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, above example code, we've called it F . This is passed in as the second parameter. The first parameter is a file handle that accept( ) will associate with a specific network connection. So when a client connects to the server, accept( ) associates the client's connection with the file handle passed in as the Essay, first parameter.

The second parameter, F , still refers to a generic socket that is connected to the designated port and Is Wrong Bribery? is not specifically connected to any clients. You can now read and write to the filehandle to communicate with the client. In this example, the filehandle is FH . For example: The following Perl function encapsulates all the necessary code needed to establish a network connection to a server. As input, open_TCP( ) requires a file handle as a first parameter, a hostname or dotted decimal IP address as the second parameter, and cultural a port number as the third parameter. Upon successfully connecting to the server, open_TCP( ) returns 1. Otherwise, it returns undef upon Essay Is Wrong with Bribery? error. Let's try out the function. In the following code, you will need to include the open_TCP( ) function. Communication Skills Are Essential Childhood Education. You can include it in the same file or put it in another file and use the Is Wrong Bribery?, require directive to include it. If you put it in a separate file and require it, remember to put a 1; as the last line of the file that is being required. In the following example, we've placed the open_TCP( ) routine into another file (tcp.pl, for lack of imagination), and required it along with the socket library itself:

Once the socket library and open_TCP( ) routine are included, the example below uses open_TCP( ) to establish a connection to port 13 on the local machine: If the kfc holding, local machine is Essay Is Wrong Bribery?, running the daytime server, which most UNIX systems and some NT systems run, open_TCP( ) returns successfully. Then, output from the daytime server is printed: Then we close the connection. After running the program, you should see the local time, for example:

This can also be done by using telnet to connect to port 13: Let's modify the previous code to work with a web server instead of the daytime server. Also, instead of embedding the machine name of the Evaluation, server into the source code, let's modify the code to accept a hostname from the user on the command line. Since port 80 is the standard port that web servers use, we'll use port 80 in on What Is Wrong Bribery?, the code instead of the kfc holding, daytime server's port: In the interest of making the program a little more user-friendly, let's add some help text:

Instead of Essay Bribery?, connecting to the port and listening for data, the client needs to send a request before data can be retrieved from the server: Then the response code is retrieved and printed out: After all the modifications, the new code looks like this: Let's run the program and see the result: At the core of every good web client program is the 3: BACKGROUND PIPELINE example, ability to parse a URL into its components. On What Is Wrong Bribery?. Let's start by defining such a function. Good Communication Skills Are Essential For Early Essay. (If you plan to use LWP, there's something like this in the URI::URL class, and you can skip the example.) Given a full URL, parse_URL( ) will break it up into smaller components. The real work is done with: After this initial parse some of the components need to be cleaned up: If an optional port was given, remove the colon from $parsed [2]. If no document path was given, it becomes /. For example, http://www.ora.com becomes http://www.ora.com/.

The function returns an array of the different URL components: ($scheme, $hostname, $port, $path). Or undef upon error. Let's try parse_URL( ) with http://www.ora.com/index.html as input: The parse_URL( ) routine would return the following array: ('http', 'www.ora.com', 80, '/index.html'). We've saved this routine in a file called web.pl, and Is Wrong we'll use it in examples (with a require 'web.pl' ) in this chapter. Now that we have a function that parses URLs, let's use it to create a hypertext version of the UNIX cat command, called hcat. (There's an LWP version of this in Chapter 6, Example LWP Programs .) Basically speaking, this program looks at its command-line arguments for URLs. It prints out the full response for the given URL, including the response code, headers, and entity-body. If the user only wants the response code, he can use the -r option. Similarly, the -H option specifies that only stream orders headers are wanted. A -d option prints out on What with, only the entity body.

One can mix these options, too. For example, if the user only wants the response code and dimension headers, she could use -rH. If no arguments are used, or if the -h option is Essay Bribery?, specified, help text is printed out. Let's go over the command-line parsing: The call to Getopts( ) indicates that we're interested in the -h, -H, -r, and -d command-line options. Cultural Dimension. When Getopts( ) finds these switches, it sets $opt_* (where * is the switch that was specified), and leaves any foreign text back on @ARGV. If the Essay on What with Bribery?, user didn't enter any valid options or a URL, help text is printed. Finally, for any remaining command-line parameters, treat them as URLs and pass them to the hcat( ) routine. Print out response line only: Print out response line and entity-body, but not the headers:

Use multiple URLs: Back to 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE example, the program. On What Bribery?. Inside of the hcat( ) function, we do some basic URL processing: Then we send an HTTP request to the server. Now we wait for a response from the server.

We read in the response and selectively echo it out, where we look at the $response, $header, and Essay $data variables to see if the user is interested in looking at each part of the reply: The full source code looks like this: With hcat, one can easily retrieve documents from on What with remote web servers. On Shrek. But there are times when a client request needs to be more complex than hcat is willing to allow. To give the on What, user more flexibility in sending client requests, we'll change hcat into shcat, a shell utility that accepts methods, headers, and entity-body data from standard input. With this program, you can write shell scripts that specify different methods, custom headers, and submit form data. All of this can be done by changing a few lines around. In hcat, where you see this: Replace it with this: and save it as shcat. Now you can say whatever you want on shcat's STDIN, and it will forward it on to the web server you specify.

This allows you to do things like HTML form postings with POST, or a file upload with PUT, and selectively look at stream orders, the results. At this point, it's really all up to you what you want to say, as long as it's HTTP compliant. Here's a UNIX shell script example that calls shcat to do a file upload: When you need to quickly get a list of all the references in an HTML page, here's a utility you can use to fetch an Essay with, HTML page from a server and print out the URLs referenced within the page. We've taken the THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW example, hcat code and Essay with Bribery? modified it a little. There's also another function that we added to parse out URLs from the Good are Essential for Early Essay, HTML. Let's go over that first: The grab_urls( ) function has two parameters. The first argument is a scalar containing the HTML data to go through.

The second argument is a hash of tags and parameters that we're looking for. Essay Is Wrong With Bribery?. After going through the stream orders, HTML, grab_urls( ) returns an Is Wrong with, array of links that matched the regular expression of the form: tag parameter= . . The outer if statement looks for HTML tags, like A , IMG , BODY , FRAME . The inner if statement looks for parameters to the tags, like SRC and HREF , followed by text. Upon finding a match, the referenced URL is are Essential Childhood, pushed into with, an array, which is returned at the end of the function. We've saved this in web.pl, and will include it in the hgrepurl program with a require 'web.pl'. The second major change from hcat to hgrepurl is the addition of: This appends the entity-body into the scalar of $data . From there, we call grab_urls( ) twice. The first time looks for image references by recognizing img src=. and body background=. Kfc Holding. in the HTML. The second time looks for hyperlinks by searching for instances of a href=. . Each call to grab_urls( ) returns an array of URLs, stored in with, @links and dimension @links2, respectively.

Finally, we print the results out. Other than that, there are some smaller changes. For example, we look at the response code. Essay On What With Bribery?. If it isn't 200 (OK), we skip it. We've retrofitted the THEORY example, reading of the response line, headers, and Essay entity-body to not echo to STDOUT. This isn't needed anymore in the context of this program. Also, instead of parsing the -r, -H, and -d command-line arguments, we look for -i for displaying image links only, and cultural -l for displaying only hyperlinks. So, to see just the Essay on What with Bribery?, image references at apply, www.ora.com, one would do this:

Or just the Bribery?, hyperlinks at www.ora.com: Or both images and hyperlinks at www.ora.com: The complete source code looks like this: Now that we've done a few examples, let's address some issues that arise when developing, testing, and kfc holding using web client software. Most of on What, these issues are automatically handled by for gis LWP, but when programming directly with sockets, you have to take care of Essay Is Wrong with Bribery?, them yourself. How does your client handle tag parameters? The decision to process or ignore extra tag parameters depends on the application of the web client. Some tag parameters change the tag's appearance by adjusting colors or sizes. Other tags are informational, like variable names and hidden variable declarations in HTML forms. On Shrek Evaluation. Your client may need to Essay with Bribery?, pay close attention to these tags.

For example, if your client sends form data, it may want to check all the parameters. Otherwise, your client may send data that is inconsistent with what the HTML specified--e.g., an HTML form might specify that a variable's value may not exceed a length of 20 characters. If the client ignored this parameter, it might send data over 20 characters. As the HTML standard evolves, your client may require some updating. What does your client do when the server's expected HTML format changes?

Examine the how to apply, data coming back from the server. After your client can handle the Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, current data, think about possible changes that may occur in the data. Some changes won't affect your client's functionality. For example, textual descriptions in a file listing may be updated. But other changes, like the general format of the HTML, may cause your current client to interpret important values incorrectly. Changes in Essay, data may be unpredictable. When your client doesn't understand the data, it is safer for the client not to assume anything, to with Bribery?, abort its current operation, and to notify someone to look into Good Communication are Essential for Early Childhood, it. The client may need to be updated to handle the changes at the server.

Does the client analyze the response line and headers? It is Is Wrong, not advisable to write clients that skip over the HTTP response line and headers. While it may be easier to stream orders, do so, it often comes back to on What Is Wrong, haunt you later. For example, if the stream orders, URL used by the client becomes obsolete or is changed, the client may interpret the entity-body incorrectly. Media types for the URL may change, and could be noticed in the HTTP headers returned by Essay the server.

In general, the client should be equipped to apply for gis, handle variations in metadata as they occur. Does your client handle URL redirection? Does it need to? Perhaps the desired data still exists, but not at the location specified by your client. In the event of a redirection, will your client handle it? Does it examine the Location header? The answers to these questions depend on the purpose of the client. Does the client send authorization information when it shouldn't? Two or more separate organizations may have CGI programs on the same server. It is important for your client not to with Bribery?, send authorization information unless it is requested. Otherwise, the client may expose its authentication to an outside organization.

This opens up the user's account to outsiders. What does your client do when the server is down? When the Communication Skills are Essential Childhood Education, server is down, there are several options. The most obvious option is for the client to Essay on What Bribery?, attempt the HTTP request at a later time. Other options are to try an alternate server or abort the transaction. The programmer should give the user some configuration options about the client's actions. What does your client do when the 3: BACKGROUND FOR MODELLING example, server response time is Essay on What Bribery?, long? For simple applications, it may be better to allow the user to interrupt the cultural dimension, application.

For user-friendly or unattended batch applications, it is on What with Bribery?, desirable to time out the connection and notify the user. What does your client do when the server has a higher version of HTTP? And what happens when the client doesn't understand the response? The most logical thing is to attempt to talk on a common denominator. How To. Chances are that just about anything will understand HTTP/1.0, if that's what you feel comfortable using.

In most cases, if the client doesn't understand the response, it would be nice to tell the Essay with Bribery?, user--or at least let the user know to get the Good are Essential for Early Essay, latest version of HTTP for the client!

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4 Steps to Writing a Job-Winning Resume. Writing your resume, or even updating your resume, can be a scary, daunting task. Essay Is Wrong With? But with the right approach and know-how, you can create your own standout document in no time. And the good news is were here to help. Weve broken down the resume-writing process into 4 simple steps to kfc holding, make it easier for you to Essay Is Wrong with Bribery?, get started! Our Resume Writing Guide gives you an overview of CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay example, each section of your resume, followed by Is Wrong, some quick tips and actual resume examples that you can use as model for your own resume. Every great resume begins with a strong summary statement. This is a short description of who you are professionally that includes a brief list of cultural dimension, your top skills. Your summary statement is the first thing that recruiters will see. So think of it as your big chance to catch someones attention. You also want to show hiring leaders that youre a great fit for the job.

You can do this by Essay Bribery?, using the skills and keywords that are in kfc holding the job description in your summary statement just make sure you only on What with, use those that reflect your experience (no exaggerating or lying on how to, your resume!). Your statement can be written in either sentence form or bullet-point form and should be short, but effective no more than 3 sentences or bullet points; it should also contain the following information: Your professional title Top 2-3 skills Specific expertise, professional traits, accomplishments. On What Is Wrong With Bribery?? Need help writing your own professional summary statement? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of cultural, expertly written summary statements and Bribery? career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your resume. Registered nurse with 9 years of experience in 3: BACKGROUND FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay medical centers and operating rooms ICU and ER experience in 40+ bed units Strong organizational and interpersonal skills. Dedicated assembly line worker with 5 years of experience.

Well-versed in machinery assembly and production line efficiency . Fast learner who picks up new processes and Essay Is Wrong Bribery? technologies easily. Senior Sales Associate with excellent customer relations skills in business-to-business sales Increased global sales by 20% over the last two years, exceeding goals each quarter for the past year Seeking new sales challenge with management opportunities. Essay On Shrek Evaluation? Experienced veterinary technician with 3 years of experience in delivering comprehensive care to Essay on What, animals at animal rescue facilities and shelters. Seeking to use shelter experience and formal training at a respected veterinary office. Responsible cashier experienced at managing front-of-store needs in Good Communication Skills are Essential Education busy environments. Friendly and energetic with strong communication and organizational abilities. Seeking role of increased responsibility where strengths in service and Essay on What Bribery? sales will be valuable. Motivated sales professional with 8 years of fashion retail sales experience who truly enjoys helping customers find their best fit and style. Highly results-oriented and energetic, with unsurpassed customer relations skills. Dimension? The skills section often called the #8220;Qualifications#8221; or #8220;Areas of Expertise#8221; section of Essay on What Bribery?, your resume is a list of your top skills.

This section of your resume is your chance to Good Communication Skills Education, showcase your abilities to employers in a quick and easy-to-read way. Although this section is typically short and concise (think two columns of 3 to 4 bullet points), it contains very important information about your ability to Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery?, perform a particular type of job. Hiring managers should be able to scan your resume and find this list of skills easily. Here are a few helpful tips for writing a skills section that will get you noticed. Target your skills to the job : This is one of the best ways to customize your resume for the job you are applying to.

Read the job description and list all of the required and desired skills for the position. PIPELINE? Then, see if you have any skills that match up with those on your list; these are the abilities you should include in your skills section. This way, when hiring managers skim your resume, they will see that you have the Essay Is Wrong with skills theyre looking for in a candidate. Include transferable skills : Transferable skills are skills that cross from one career field to another. These skills can be applied to a variety of positions. Some examples include communication skills, presentation or public speaking skills, any foreign language skills you have, social media skills, organizational and planning skills, and management and leaderships skills. Kfc Holding? Use keywords : If you are applying to a job online and are asked to on What Is Wrong, upload your resume or fill in an application online, chances are you are entering your information into Essay an application tracking system. This is a machine that companies use to scan a resume for on What Is Wrong with, keywords specific to stream orders, the job. Be sure to pick out keywords from the job description and Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? your industry and use them in your resume and application to Good Communication Skills Education Essay, make sure it gets past this machine.

Using keywords directly from the employer will increase your chances of on What Bribery?, getting noticed by the hiring manager. OUTFLOW Essay Example? Need help writing a skills section that gets you noticed? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of on What Is Wrong with, career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your own resume. While all parts of your resume are equally important, your work history section is where you will be discussing your direct experience and your accomplishments, and its critical to get this one right.Lets start with the basics. Cultural? Your work history section should include the following: Positions and/or titles you held Names of organizations where you were employed City and state of Essay Is Wrong Bribery?, each organization Employment periods for each job, written as Month/Date Month/Date Brief descriptions of your experience in bullet format. This section will be a combination of your job responsibilities and duties along with your work achievements. Hiring managers will be looking for your achievements and cultural successes, not just your responsibilities, so its important to include both. When listing your responsibilities and duties, be sure to use action verbs to Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery?, increase the strength of your writing and make potential employers take notice.

Some action verbs to Good are Essential Education, use include: Communicated Negotiated Joined Reported Customized Initiated Planned Budgeted Developed Prepared Contributed Ensured Provided Led. It takes practice and time to Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, come up with your accomplishments and dimension successes and to add numbers to them numbers such as how much money you saved the company, how you increased efficiency, or how many sales you achieved in Is Wrong with a certain period of time. However, using two or three bullets under each job to describe your successes, along with metrics, will land you an interview. Need help writing a work experience section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your own resume. Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 present. Prioritized and managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies. Increased conference room scheduling efficiency by 25% by apply, implementing new company-wide online booking system. Provided travel arrangement support for Essay Is Wrong, 25+ employees per month for offsite meetings and kfc holding national conferences.

Managed operations and on What with logistics for annual onsite company conference for 150 employees and kfc holding 200+ guest attendees. Parkview Elementary School, Summerfields, PA. September 2014 May 2016. Assisted in a classroom of 25 elementary school children, ages 5-6, for two consecutive school years. Engaged children with diverse and enjoyable activities involving theatrical play, musical instruments and on What Is Wrong Bribery? hands-on learning. Offered detailed weekly reports that outlined each childs activities and implemented new email letter system to offer reports online, saving the faculty 4 hours per week. Ft. Hood, Killeen, TX.

January 2008 August 2015. Developed and led 5 new training programs over CHAPTER THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay example, 12 months in Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? preparation for CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay, combat. Performed reconnaissance operations in Essay on What with Bribery? compromised regions to develop combat training programs. Skills Are Essential For Early Childhood Education? Performed as a fire team member during situational training exercises and all infantry dismounted battle drills. Communicated urgent orders and directions effectively to team of 200+ military personnel. Your educational background can be an Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery? important part of your resume and should communicate your background quickly and simply to potential employers. Even if you dont have previous experience in a particular job, you may increase your chances of stream orders, being considered for the position if you can show that you have taken courses that are relevant to the position at hand. Here are some tips to help make your education section work for you: List the highest level of Is Wrong with Bribery?, education first. This will help catch the hiring managers eye and ensure that he or she is able to determine your education level quickly. If you are recent graduate without a ton of work experience, then you can place your education section at stream orders the top of your resume for emphasis. Include your educational information in this order: Degree or diploma name is listed first.

Major(s) follow the degree. If you have minors, these are optional to list but its recommended to list them if they are relevant to Is Wrong with, the job you are applying for. List the date you received the degree or diploma by year (for example, 2003). If you are soon-to-be grad, you can list your expected graduation date. Employment periods for stream orders, each job, written as Month/Date Month/Date Do not include your GPA on your resume unless you are a recent graduate. If you dont have a degree, never fear! If you have an Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? associates degree, you can list it in kfc holding the same way as above. It is also perfectly acceptable to list any college experience you do have, even if you didnt graduate. In the absence of a college degree, its extremely important to list any professional training or certificates you have received especially if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. Essay On What With? Then, make sure to emphasize your work experience section as much as possible to show employers that you are qualified for the position, whether or not you have a degree. Need help writing an kfc holding education section that shows your value?

Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and Essay on What Bribery? effectively outline your classroom achievements. More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. 3 Critical Mistakes to Avoid on Your First Ever Resume. Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career. How to Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience. CHAPTER FOR MODELLING PIPELINE Essay? Get Hired In 30 Seconds: Resume Summary Tips. Get Your Resume In Front of the Essay on What Is Wrong Right People: Four Tips. Create a Resume That Stops Traffic. How to Write a Resume that Lands More Job Offers.

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Does Your Homework Help You Learn? Questions about issues in the news for Essay with Bribery? students 13 and older. New research suggests that a lot of Essay, assigned homework amounts to pointless busy work that doesnt help students learn, while more thoughtful assignments can help them develop skills and acquire knowledge. How would you characterize the homework you get? In the Sunday Review article The Trouble With Homework, Annie Murphy Paul reviews the research on homework: The quantity of students homework is on What a lot less important than its quality. And evidence suggests that as of now, homework isnt making the grade. CHAPTER THEORY FOR MODELLING OUTFLOW Essay Example? Although surveys show that the amount of time our children spend on homework has risen over the last three decades, American students are mired in the middle of Essay with Bribery?, international academic rankings: 17th in THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE, reading, 23rd in science and 31st in math, according to results from the on What Is Wrong Bribery? Program for International Student Assessment released last December. In a 2008 survey, one-third of parents polled rated the quality of their childrens homework assignments as fair or poor, and 4 in 10 said they believed that some or a great deal of kfc holding, homework was busywork. A new study, coming in Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, the Economics of Education Review, reports that homework in science, English and history has little to 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE OUTFLOW, no impact on student test scores. (The authors did note a positive effect for math homework.) Enriching childrens classroom learning requires making homework not shorter or longer, but smarter.

She goes on to enumerate some of the aspects of effective independent assignments, like retrieval practice, which basically means doing practice tests to reinforce learning and commit it to memory, and interleaving, in which problems are not grouped into sets by type, but rather scattered throughout an assignment, which makes the brain work harder to grasp the material. Students: Tell us how effective you think your homework is. What kinds of Essay on What Is Wrong with, assignments seem pointless? Which ones are confusing or frustrating? Which ones are most engaging and kfc holding, interesting? Which ones are you fairly sure help you learn and grow? Students 13 and older are invited to comment below. Please use only your first name. On What With? For privacy policy reasons, we will not publish student comments that include a last name. Comments are no longer being accepted. I see homework as a big part that helps me learn and grow thats what I always said up till I was moved to cultural, a different math class.

My old math teacher made math easy and fun as well as understandable. But when I was moved I got confused easily, I found it boring, and I even found paying attention hard. Then theres my English class. Essay Bribery?? I love English with all my heart but my teacher makes me feel like Im in Preschool! She has hand signs for every rule and on Shrek, if we dont do them we get more homework!

She always puts us into groups and so far every group Ive been placed in I cant get along in. One group wouldnt let me talk and when I gave my opion they scolded me and said I was wrong though it was an opion lesson Another group was lazy and Essay on What Is Wrong, since I ran out of how to for gis, my medicine that helps me focus, I was lost and told them I need their help to help me keep up with whats going on on What yet they let me drag along! History was never my strong point from the start even though my dad is a History teacher. But when I got into THEORY OUTFLOW example, a certain class I couldnt stand it! I was miles behind in homework and around every corner was either homework or projects! I asked for Is Wrong with help and I got yelled at! Im sorry but sometimes homework feels like slave work since I dont get anything out of good grades except a smile and/or a pat on Skills are Essential for Early Childhood Essay the back and thats it. Yes homework can be good for you but there is a limit of how much a student can handle before they collaspe underneath all of that work! But I love it when teachers make homework fun or competive (which we normally do now and days)! Cause thats when Im having a blast!

But when teachers get too interactive with their class I cant help but feel creeped out by them. On What Is Wrong With Bribery?? (Cough, Cough, English teacher, Cough, Cough) I do love school but right nowits like they dont want us going out and enjoying life Back at my old school I was drowning in homework! I just couldnt get the chance to sit back and be young! It was just too much! In every class I had homework! Study this, learn that, solve this, and every where in between! The bullying was no help either since they stole or destroyed my homework so I failing till I switched schools!

My suggestion to all you kids who dont like homework.DONT GO TO [name of school removed]. Especially if youre like me and are considered one of the special kids since the kfc holding teachers dont flex to your needs! At my school , we all think that homework helps people learn in so many different ways. You do your homework to get better grades on test scores because some of the homework you get will have some stuff that can be on test. Another reason is that homework can get you better grades if you just hand it in. Is Wrong With? You can learn from stream orders, homework. In my opinion.For example, I had to with Bribery?, take notes in algebra yesterday for on Shrek Evaluation homework and only took 10 minutes it really help a lot the next day because we had a little mini quiz on it ! Doing my homework every night helps me learn because it helps me remember the lesson gone over in class that day. It also makes it easier to follow the next lesson, which is usually an extension from the Is Wrong with lesson the day before. Homework helps me learn because its a review of what we learned in class.

Sometimes they give too much work though. I feel like it all depends on if you understand the work. If a teacher taught you a new topic in class and you didnt understand it, I dont think you would understand it if you did it again. If you understood it, It would help you because you are repeating the problems. I dont think homework helps you learn, I think it helps you remember what you learned. Homework is more of a review of 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING Essay, what you did in school during the Essay Bribery? day, rather than a new subject to learn on a whole. I personally am not a big fan of on Shrek Evaluation, homework though, I think that some teachers dont really realize that we have several other classes which also give us homework, and we sometimes end up with a large amount by the end of the day. But Im sure that my procrastination has a lot to Is Wrong with, do with it as well. Homework definitely helps me learn. By the kfc holding time i get home from school some subjects become unfamiliar and homework help reinforce what i learned in class.

Better students do their homework and Essay on What Is Wrong, teachers recognize that frequently. Repetition of your homework also helps memorize which you could benefit from on tests and kfc holding, other classwork activities. Depending on the subject or the assigment, homework can either be redundant or effective. Assignments which make you copy straight out of a textbook are redundant. These assignments are redundant because students hardly put all that much effort into it. By copying a textbook, people arent focused on on What with the material, because they are just focusing on getting the assigment done. Straight copying is seen as boring or even in some cases annoying by students, which translates into FOR MODELLING OUTFLOW Essay example, them not learning what they need to learn. Assigments where students are interactive and arent just being taught the on What Is Wrong with Bribery? textbook are interesting and thats when students learn the most. Writing samples when students are asked for their opinion and to have their voice heard are deemed the most interesting. Thus, being because students then have the ability to share what theyve learned in their own words and also get to apply their knowledge in dimension, their own voice. On the other hand, when homework is done effectively, the Essay on What with end product will be better grades.

If a student neglects to do homework, whether interesting or boring, it will show in Good Communication Skills are Essential Education, their grades. Students who do apply their strongest efforts into their homework will ultimately contribute to better grades. I think that homework is pointless when the teachers give us homework that is for fun and we have to waist our time doing little projects when we can be doing other more important things like studying. I think that most homework is important I just dont like it when teachers give too much and it becomes over whelming and Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, I cant have time to study because it would be too late and Essay on Shrek Evaluation, then I wouldnt be able to sleep. If anything I think teachers should give us homework but give us one big homework a week and we work on it for the whole week which it would be due on Friday and Essay on What with, then get a test grade for it since it was a big homework. If teachers wouldnt do that I would love if teachers would give us only three days of Communication Skills for Early Childhood, homework a week and Fridays we would get a test. Homework is assigned so that students can practice what they have learned in school and see if they can remember what happened in class. Personally, the homework that has been assigned to on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, me lately has been nothing but busy work that I feel is kfc holding pointless.

The truth is Essay Is Wrong Bribery? most of the kfc holding modern day students dont see the value in doing homework but the discipline and on What with Bribery?, the practice for stream orders the real world really are fundamental. The most confusing type of homework assignments that we have come with little to Essay, no instructions. When teachers give assignments on things that they havent covered yet seems pointless to me since it really isnt evaluating anything at all. Another type of pointless homework would be the ones in how to, which there is so much repetition that it becomes pointless. In my personal life ive been faced with all types of homework. I believe homework is fundamental to with, the development of the mind and I will keep doing my homework. I go to an American school in apply for gis, Bogota, Colombia. Recently in my school I have been getting exaggerated amounts of Is Wrong with, homework, and most of it has no impact on my learning. I say this because the homework I am assigned is just busywork and on Shrek Evaluation, keeps me up until late hours in with, the night. The homework I am given is how to apply for gis also extremely long and not smart, it is just a very basic review of what we did in class that day.

Homework like that is a waste of on What with, time since if the student is good and pays attention in class he should know all of the material and shouldnt be forced to demonstrate it through homework. I believe that what should be improved in how to apply, not the quantity but the quality of the homework we are assigned. I am not saying homework should be abolished but I am saying it should be changed. Essay On What Is Wrong With? If a student is for gis overwhelmed with homework his academic development would also be affected. For example if a student has allot of homework he will probably stay up at night doing it. Maybe he will finish his homework around 10 or 11 in the night.

The next day he will have to on What, wake up very early and will only get about 5-6 hours of sleep. In order for the teenage brain to develop correctly a kid needs 8 hours of sleep. So. excessive amount of homework leads to a very tired, unmotivated and less active student. In my school I think the Good Communication Skills for Early Childhood Essay only homework assignments that help me learn are the math ones. Each subject is different and each grade in school requires a different amount of practice. For example, Math is Essay on What with Bribery? a subject that I believe needs out-of-classroom practice no matter what grade you are in, or what topic you are covering. It is one of the most essential aptitudes one must acquire in order to be successful in how to, life.

Language, whether it be english, spanish, or etc, is also a subject that is vital for an accomplished life. I believe that one must practice in order to become and eloquent speaker and writer, but i only on What think that a small amount of homework should be given, especially once one reaches the ends of high school. A subject that I feel doesnt need practice outside of school is cultural history. For me, history is more like a gossip story with dates that should be remembered than anything else; therefore, I dont believe that homework would be necessary to enforce a subject like that. The idea of having to work all night, studying for a billion exams the next day, getting the with college applications going, and practicing a sport isnt something strange for the average senior at CNG. It seems as if the need to excel at CHAPTER THEORY Essay, everything might just be the COD of Essay on What with Bribery?, many high school students. As college admissions become more competitive, as more and more people take AP exams and CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING Essay, admissions tests there is a greater weight on our shoulders. But is Essay with it really worth it? I mean, even if everything goes the way we want it to, was it really worth all our time and energy?

There are just better things to do with my life. Kfc Holding? I would prefer to go deeper into the sciences, write of some philosophical tendency Im being carried into, do more social work, etc. But I need to commit to an organized agenda, learn the Essay on What Is Wrong with Standards Im supposed to be learning and show my progress through time. CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY Essay? These are fancy ways of creating a level playing field so students can be compared. Is this really what learning has become? Practice makes perfect some might say. Is Wrong? There is no arguing about that. Success in those specific tasks, such as doing homework or working on a particular project that requires zero creativity clearly needs those levels of repetitive practice and great memory. Apply For Gis? But are we supposed to do this the rest of our lives? I dont think so. Essay Is Wrong? Harris Cooper, a professor from Duke University dedicated to homework research states that even for high school students, overloading them with homework is not associated with higher grades (Cooper).

Im sorry, so isnt homework even doing what its supposed to stream orders, be doing? The counter-productivity of too much homework, especially in such a critical moment as in college application season, makes the whole educational system lose credibility. Are we being trained to do something we arent going to really do or even need in the future? What is the real purpose of doing homework when we arent truly learning from it? Dont get me wrong. I do believe homework is critical in developing certain skills. How were we supposed to Essay with, learn basic arithmetic operations without those tons of worksheets and problem sets? Yes, homework is a useful tool but only on Shrek when used consciously.

Statistical evidence seems to agree with this: teachers in Essay Is Wrong with, many of the nations that outperform the U.S. on student achievement testssuch as Japan, Denmark and the Czech Republictend to assign less homework than American teachers, but instructors in low-scoring countries like Greece, Thailand and Iran tend to pile it on (Wallis). The need to assign homework, to put a million grades in is too antiquated in my opinion. Whats the problem with guiding classes to a true educational experience and 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING, leave behind the Bribery? limitations of Communication Education, grading, of classifying students, of making them lose all interest, worse yet lose passion for learning and generate hatred towards certain areas of knowledge while capturing valuable time that is needed to explore others? It depends on what type of homework and the time that it takes to finish it. The homework that I get from Essay Is Wrong with, English, history, science, and math benefit me and my grades a lot. Kfc Holding? From my three band classes, and P.E. class, I usually do busy work.

I love how the on What Is Wrong with Bribery? school is kfc holding run I learn a lot from the on What with Bribery? class just itself, and from school assemblies, etc. First, I have to learn before I get my grades meaning, I dont care what my grades are like until I actually know and understand the material and knowledge that I learned at school. What we learn from school and from homework are is different. 3: BACKGROUND PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay Example? We learn more at Essay on What Bribery?, school and then apply what we learned in our homework. So most of the time we dont learn anything that much from homework. Homework assignments should be provided, but once a month. Good Communication Essay? It allows children to have freedom, and Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, actually feel like life is kfc holding not all about study and going to a prestigious university.

Homework wastes our time, and in recent articles they say that schools are killing creativity, and now there is an uproar about homework not providing learning material. What homework should be is a subjet, say history, and children can choose one that interests them, and they could research it for a month. And after the month is on What up children can present in class, so that means the child knows thoroughly about their topic and can explain well to Essay on Shrek, their friends, and also they will have an opportunity to listen to other peoples research. I wish we didnt have homework, because the learning network is with Bribery? providing us with a great amount of resources that homework, in a year, cant accomplish. 40 hours per kfc holding, week, 8 hours a day, is the legal limit of hours an Essay Is Wrong Bribery?, adult can work in California without being payed overtime. Are Essential Childhood Education? An employee must be payed 150% their usual salary for Essay Bribery? every hour they work past 8 hours a day. Communication Are Essential Childhood Education Essay? I spend between 34 and 39 hours per Essay on What Is Wrong Bribery?, week at school, not counting homework (aprox. 10-15 hours per cultural dimension, week). My suggestion is that any work assigned to students requiring them to Essay on What with, spend more than 40 hours a week on how to for gis academics be graded with a bonus of 50% the students grade.

This would encourage students to do well in Essay on What Is Wrong with, order to have a higher bonus, and would discourage teachers from assigning so much work (since we all how much giving out bonus points pains them!) As for the questions: I think that homework is effective as long as it will help improve a students understanding and 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay example, execution of on What Bribery?, course material. As a general rule, I dont think its very useful to be assigned more than one assignment in each category of homework to a class (1 chapter to read, 1 exercise, 1 essay). 5 math exercises is dimension 5 too many if I understand the lesson, and 4 too many if it is the Essay on What with Bribery? teachers goal to find out whether or not I do. As a student, I have a limited amount of Good Skills, time and Essay on What with Bribery?, love to divide up into my work. CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND OUTFLOW Essay? I find work that leaves the thinking up to the student to be the most engaging and helpful to on What Is Wrong Bribery?, my understanding: the fewer details on how I should do the assignment, the more I work to on Shrek, make it reflect my understanding of the topic. It is Essay on What with Bribery? interesting to how to apply for gis, write your homework in your free time at home. Homework and assignments are important for innovation and elaboration.

Take your time in doing your homework because this will help you understand the lesson more. i think this is the best amendment ever. Sense at my school , school just started we do not have that much homework. But Ive hear a lot of people say that towards the Essay Is Wrong with Bribery? middle of the CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE OUTFLOW example year is when everyones backpacks become really heavy. Bribery?? Teachers start giving more than one homework assignment per how to apply, class. So I think that homework does not help you learn because you do work at school why do you need to do it again at Essay on What Is Wrong with, home? I think teachers do that because they want to figure out if you are capable to do the same thing at stream orders, home and Essay Is Wrong Bribery?, also because they just want us to have some type of work to do at home. Once again I do no think that homework helps you learn. I personally dont think homework helps a student learn. I feel if you dont get what the teacher teaches in class then I personally dont get the homework at all.

If I dont get the subject then I personally to the homework wrong and Im sure that other people do it wrong too. Essay Evaluation? My teachers all say that they dont give so much homework and they really dont, but since they all give about 20-30 minutes of Bribery?, homework each subject, it piles up.I think that homework is Essay on Shrek Evaluation effective as long as it will help improve a students understanding and execution of course material. I personally dont think that homework always helps, but it does. I think that homework is useful sometimes, but not always. Most of the Essay on What with Bribery? time, it is just the same thing we did in class, and if we didnt get it then we still wont get it at home, primarily because our parents have no clue about how to are Essential for Early Childhood Education Essay, do it either. i think that homework should not in are school systems because homework is on What Is Wrong with just practice and cultural, i know that practice makes perfect but when you got 5 subjects it add to a lot. I also i believe that all homework (practice) is just studying and unless we have i dont want to Essay on What with, take the stream orders time for nothing but another school day. 1) What kinds of assignments seem pointless? I dont believe that any assignments are pointless, because teachers always have a reason for giving homework. However, teachers often give homework where the Essay with Bribery? effort on the part of the kfc holding student outweighs the teachers goal.

In addition, many homework assignments do not effectively reach their goal. 2) Which ones are confusing or frustrating? Assignments are usually not confusing, although sometimes, when given very easy assignments, I do not understand what the point is Essay Is Wrong with Bribery? (which does not mean that the assignments are pointless the Essay point is Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? simply mysterious to me). I get most frustrated by homework when I receive virtually identical assignments at regular intervals, but never get feedback from the teacher. When this happens, I cannot improve because I dont know what Im doing wrong.

For example, our French teacher has given us this assignment three times this year: Comment on stream orders a predetermined stanza of a Baudelaire poem. With Bribery?? The first two stanzas earned me 17 (out of 20) with no corrections other than grammatical mistakes. For the how to for gis third assignment, I have written a very similar analysis and Essay Is Wrong, I expect to get a very similar grade. If there are 20 possible points and cultural dimension, I didnt get all of them, why did the teacher not provide any comments? 3) Which ones are most engaging and interesting? Honestly, although I understand the Essay on What Is Wrong with value of kfc holding, homework, I do not enjoy doing it (unless it involves creativity, but with no art, music or creative writing classes in high school, this is extremely rare). Which ones are you fairly sure help you learn and grow? I believe all homework helps me learn and grow the question is whether the amount of growth induced by Essay on What Bribery?, the homework is worth the effort involved. Yes, some homework are important. Like learning rhetoric at home to be able to talk about Good Communication are Essential Childhood Education Essay, it in class.

Doing a math problem to make sure the lesson is understood. But is doing ten exercises on a lesson we did not fully go over on What Is Wrong with because the kfc holding teacher did not manage to end the lesson on time and on What, now needs us to try to figure it out on our own useful? Is doing forty little problems with the kfc holding same math equation over and over again necessary? I believe it is Essay on What with Bribery? not. I believe some teachers are using a lot of useless homework because they must think in some way that it will be beneficent one day or another. Stream Orders? They are often wrong. Unless a whole class of twenty students decided they want to be physician, i do not understand why learning what is the kind of relation between the Earth and the Moon, over a dozen of exercises, is in anyway useful. Also, a teacher might think they are doing the right thing, making us practice something that is already learned in on What Bribery?, class, by giving its students five exercises. Sure, it is not a bad idea. But since all the teachers, or most of them, are looking to cultural dimension, do the right thing, five teachers that wants you to practice with some homework exercises, becomes twenty-five exercises for on What Is Wrong with Bribery? the students. Over something they either understood, or not understood.

In any case its frustrating. If you understand what it is about then you are just wasting your time doing those exercises. If you did not understand it, you are going to spend ten minutes on how to each question, usually ending by guessing wrong, when all it could have taken was another clear explanation from the teacher. So yes, homework can be useful, and it often is, but not always. Sign up for our free newsletter.

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Essay on City Life vs. Village Life (2465 words) Essay on City Life vs. Village Life! One of the most striking features of industrial age is the Is Wrong with Bribery? growth of city life. In ancient times the people mostly lived in villages being engaged in agriculture. Cities arose here and there as centres of trade or seats of government.

Today in all industrialized countries the situation has been reversed. The urban population in England and how to apply for gis the United States has expanded continuously over the rural population. New facilities of transport and communication have brought thousands of people nearer to each other and made it convenient for them to live together in large aggregations. The growth of cities is with, a special feature of modern age and as the city grows the cultural whole character of society undergoes a change. There is a sharp difference between the city and village life though with the expansion of urban influence on Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? the village this difference is becoming more and more a matter of how to for gis degree. However, in spite of the recent trends of Essay on What Is Wrong with urbanisation the villages still retain many of their traditional features and present a sharp contrast with the urban life. In rural community the force of traditional mores and Good are Essential for Early Childhood the bonds of family solidarity are more dominant than in the urban community. According to Biesanz and Biesanz, In the rural community custom is the king, the folkways and mores control most of behaviour, The sense of group responsibility which tends to be more and more dissolved in the growth of the city prevails in village life.

The type of village family is generally patriarchal in which the status of the individual is the status of his family. There is less individual questioning and rebellion. The family determines as to whether and whom the individual should marry for the maintenance of Essay family name. There is Essay Evaluation, lesser freedom in the selection of life partner. There are few love-marriages.

Not only marriage but also religion, recreation, occupation pre determined by family traditions. Any deviation from the Essay on What Is Wrong with Bribery? establish-id family traditions especially in sex matters, is regarded an offence against family unity and hardly tolerated. The life of 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW Essay example all men and women is on What Is Wrong with Bribery?, merged in family life. In short, family dominates individuals life in village community. Moreover, the village community is too small to cultural dimension, support a missionary society, like a Rotary Club. The family is the with Bribery? only organisation which performs the Essay task of aid and protection.

For such functions there is on What Is Wrong Bribery?, no formal organisation with a president and secretary. On the other hand, in the city community life is conspicuous by the absence of family life. The anonymous character of the city frees the urban dweller from close moral control. Social control becomes the activity of specialized agencies. Family control is lessened. Police and CHAPTER FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW example courts, teachers and social workers take over the regulatory functions of the family circle. A free lance detached from family bonds is looked askance at in the village while such a person, even his norms of conduct, sexual and otherwise may pass unnoticed in the city and be admitted to those places where high class gentry goes. If a person violates family marriage customs he- is not boycotted by the urban community, an impersonalized world. According to Davis, He can escape the oppressive control of any primary group when he wishes, simply by disappearing into the sea of strangers. It may also be noted that the urban life is Essay Is Wrong with Bribery?, more regulated by the State than the rural life is regulated.

Even minor matters like disposal of garbage and refuse cannot be left to voluntary action. The government acquires many functions, some of which are community housekeeping duties. Thus, in a city as opposed to the village the mores and folkways are least counted on to handle the situation. In other words, the larger the city, the greater becomes the problem of control and the more complex the agencies of secondary control. Secondly, a village community is marked by immediate contacts between its members. There is a strong we-feeling in how to apply for gis the rural community. We find members in a village community helping each other and sharing the joys and Essay with Bribery? sorrows of each other.

In the THEORY PIPELINE example village everybody is known to everybody. Their relations are personal. Is Wrong! Customers are not mere strangers but persons with whom all are acquainted. From such contacts each person knows a great deal about his neighbours, their activities, preferences and attitudes. Status of each one in the village community is well known. Written contracts are less important than a word of honour. Crime in village community is rare. Since there is little secrecy, stolen goods cannot be used and are difficult to dispose of. Things are done by mutual understanding. In city life, on the other hand, nearness counts much less. The inhabitants of a city hardly know each other.

Sometimes, they do not know even their next-door neighbour nothing to speak of influencing their activities. In a big city like Bombay people living in the lower storey do not know the people living in the third or fourth storey. There is an atmosphere of indifference and callousness in a city. In a city like Calcutta, an Essay inhabitant may spend a whole day in the street and never see a person he knows, though he may see tens of thousands of people. Is Wrong With Bribery?! Even friend are likely to be known only in Good Communication Skills are Essential Childhood Education a particular context and in a particular segment of life. In the Is Wrong with Bribery? words of Gist and Halbert, The city encourages impersonal rather than personal relationships. Most of the relations are indirect. Kfc Holding! Competition has a far greater velocity in the city than in the village.

Life in a village community is simple and Essay with uniform. There are few ambitious men and fewer excitements. The villagers lead a uniform life tilling land and rearing animals. Their standard of CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND living is lower than that of the town because the means of Bribery? earning money are limited. They view land as the Communication Skills for Early Education most substantial of all heritages. Agriculture is their major occupation.

When oppressive taxes or other measures threaten their ownership of land, they align themselves with radical movements as happened in Soviet Russia. The standard of living of the urban people is higher. They are more prodigal than the village people. Country life suggests save, City life suggests spend. The poor turning rich overnight or the on What Is Wrong with rich being reduced to beggary in one day are cases unknown in the village. The man of 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING enterprise and adventurous spirit has no place in rural community. The city dweller becomes indifferent to extremes of all kinds.

Indeed the distinction between public and private, between what is shown and what is concealed, is much sharper in the city. It is the Essay Is Wrong Bribery? public behaviour that the city regulates, the private behaviour it ignores. Another contrast between village and urban community is concerning the modes of production. In the village as a rule, only a predominant type of occupation, Le., agriculture prevails. Each family bakes its own bread and does its own washing, for all the environment, physical as well as social, is the same. The city, on the other hand, is the place for all, the semiskilled worker, the skilled artisan, the paper-expert, the technician, the Good Skills are Essential for Early Childhood Education Essay artist, the Essay Is Wrong Bribery? banker, the kfc holding teacher, the social reformer and many others. It is a heterogeneous group of people engaged in various pursuits. The city tasks are divided and sub-divided to Essay on What, such an extreme that even the work of unskilled labour becomes specialized. The trend in the urban world is clearly in the direction of a larger percentage of specialized work leading to a multiplicity of Good Skills organisations, economic and social.

The residents of a city become affiliated with a number of organisations. Their social relations are mostly indirect and secondary. Members of a single family frequently belong to different organisations. Since these various organisations have different customs and procedures, there is opportunity for confusion and lack of understanding. The process of selection for the specialized work is keener. The management selects those who are best specialized in the work and ruthlessly reject all those who fall below the competitive standard. The owner of special ability has greater chances of quick promotion. The individual is rated more in terms of accomplishments than he is rated in with the rural community. The city sifts and segregates all of the members according to their ability and finds a fit place for each.

It provides public schools for for gis, the wealthy and private schools for Is Wrong with Bribery?, the poor. It also provides distinctive schools for elementary, higher, technical, cultural and professional education. Apply For Gis! It even provides separate schools for defective persons, e.g. Deaf and Dumb school. The city requires and promotes great social mobility. Essay On What Is Wrong Bribery?! It lays emphasis on achievement rather than the ascription of status.

The urban dweller can raise or lower his status to a remarkable degree during his life time. The caste element in social stratification is minimized. Status centres on the occupation, on the nature and competence of the stream orders activity, rather than on the accident of birth. As opposed to the village in a city social climbing is most prevalent. Essay On What With! Sorokin and Zimmermann have written, The rural community is similar to calm waters in a pool and the urban community to boiling water in a kettle.

Stability is the Communication are Essential for Early Childhood Education Essay typical trait for the one mobility is the typical trait for the other. Specialization is also seen in the physical structure of the city. Distinctive areas are marked for different activities. Is Wrong Bribery?! Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab State, has been divided into different sectors, each sector with marked peculiarities. Essay! In the western world specialization of Essay Is Wrong with Bribery? areas has been carried to a greater extent than in India. The structure varies from city to city in accordance with the size, site and needs, of the city, but generally everywhere in the western world there is a clear division of space into zones of business activity, of low rentals and residential congestion, of transitory abode, of middle-class residence, of industrial concentration, and so forth. Specialization in 3: BACKGROUND THEORY PIPELINE Essay example the city has also influenced the on What Is Wrong with life of women.

If the social life had remained predominantly a village life, women would have been the drudges in the household. Industrialization and specialization have brought women to workshop and factory. They have entered into the wider life which has altered their outlook and habits and liberated them from the exclusiveness of domesticity. As MacIver observes, The individualization of women has been fostered by urban life and the resulting freer reciprocity of kfc holding relationship between men and women, as individuals, is exercising and will doubtless continue to exercise, since the process is still advancing, a significant influence on the whole structure of society. The city community evokes in man the qualities which stand in sharp contrast with those demanded by rural community. The village calls for persistence, a more stern and dogged fidelity to the way of life. On What Is Wrong With Bribery?! He is fatalistic and stream orders is in constant contact with nature. He sees nature as the practical worker who must wrest a living from the soil. He sees nature as friend and enemy, as the ripened of crops and sender of rains.

The forces of nature are beyond his control and reckoning. On What Is Wrong With Bribery?! He is attached to- rituals and becomes superstitious and kfc holding religious. Essay Is Wrong With! The city requires alertness and quicker responses to changing situations. The city dweller is CHAPTER THEORY FOR MODELLING, more tolerant in matters of religious beliefs, modes of life, tastes and opinions. According to Is Wrong Bribery?, Bogardus, Rural people are frank, open and genuine; they scorn the artificiality or many phases of city life. The city is ruled by Skills for Early Childhood Education, impersonality of law and the caprice of fashion. In a rural community the rural moral codes are fixed and strict. Any violation of them leads to bitter estrangements and sometimes to personal tragedies.

In a rural community there is much mutual aid. If a house is to be mud plastered, a feast given or a sickness nursed, the neighbours come in to help. There is an atmosphere of Essay Is Wrong with kindliness. There is a good deal of visiting, several times daily, between the people. In an urban community there is no strong we feeling. The absence of a common mode of occupation and the great impersonality of city life narrow the urbanites attachments and detract from his feeling of identification with the whole community. The secondary and voluntary character of urban association, the multiplicity of are Essential for Early Education Essay opportunities, and the social mobility all force the individual to make his own decisions and to plan his life as a career. The city instead of suppressing the individuality emphasizes it. The competitiveness of the city places the individual over against everyone else he is not inexorably tied to any particular relationship or cause. He leaves one city to with, live in another city and does not feel any loss; but a countryman when uprooted from his village surroundings sheds tears from his eyes.

Economic advancement and abundance of opportunities are common incentives of the city. The young men and women leave the rural community for urban community because the latter affords those more opportunities for employment and profits. But sometimes the men coming from the village may have to face disappointment and despair in the city. So one should leave the village for Communication Skills are Essential for Early Childhood Education, city after a deep and careful thought. The above are then the on What Is Wrong with features that distinguish rural from urban life. In the city opposite conditions are found, aggregation ; instead of physical isolation; associations of many kinds supplementing or supplanting the functions of family or categorical relationships; contacts with human beings and civilization diversity superseding contacts with nature; differentiation of economic classes and specialization of economic tasks, ranking and grading men in ways often unknown in the country; limited and CHAPTER THEORY example intensified work, with its endless varieties and disparities of opportunity and of fortune creating an intricate design of competitive living traditionally alien to the rural sense. It may, however, be pointed out that urbanization of the rural population has reduced the differences between rural and urban community. The urban influence on the rural people can be seen in Essay Is Wrong with matters like social organisation, family organisation, food habits, standard of living, dress habits, cosmetics, religion, rituals, beliefs etc. The rural people are taking over the urban modes of life and Essay on Shrek as this has been happening, the rural way of life has been withering away. The more the villages are linked with the city through modes of transport and communication, the faster will be the urban influence on the rural life. This may lead to assimilation of the on What Is Wrong rural people into the urban way of life thereby eliminating the attitudinal and other cultural differences between townsmen and countrymen. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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